Détermination De L’orientation Optimale D’un Bâtiment En Géobéton En Côte d’Ivoire

Tanoe Koffi Fernandez, Gbaha Prosper, Ekoun Magloire

Abstract


The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of the orientation of a building, built in clay brick, on the temperatures of its faces, to determine the best orientation that maximizes building ventilation and minimizes overheating. We first performed a climate analysis of the site using the consultant climate software, then we have evaluate the temperatures of each face using a dynamic thermal simulation. The analysis indicates that in order to benefit from good ventilation, the building should be oriented along the Southwest face; and that an orientation along the South face would reduce the exposure of the building to sunshine. Also, numerical evaluation shows an overheating of about 4° C between the South and North faces; and about 2° C between the East and West faces. In addition, the South, North, East and West faces reach maximum temperatures of 34.75° C, 38.5° C, 40.25° C and 42° C respectively. The choice of an orientation can induce overheating from the wall, up to 7.25° C. A joint analysis of these two results leads to the conclusion that the best orientation for a building in Côte d'Ivoire is the South direction.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n27p%25p

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n27p%25p


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
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