Biochemical Parameters of Temporemandibular Joint Pain Dysfunction Syndrome

Sofi Chikobava, Marine Nikolaishvili, Mamuka Gogiberidze

Abstract


The complex approach to the treatment of patients with rheumatic diseases (RD) has been elaborated at the department. Considering the above, this paper focuses on studying the biochemical parameters of blood serum characterizing the body's response to pain and stress. This is achieved by examining the content of histamine and hormones (adrenaline, cortisol, TSH, total alkaline phosphatase) (Total ALP) in patients with pain dysfunction syndrome of the TMJ, taking into account changes in the blood biochemical composition (K, Na, Ca, Mg, Cl, protein, glucose, Vitamin D, and adenosine triphosphate acid). Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of Biochemical Parameters of Temporemandibular Joint Pain Dysfunction Syndrome. Patients and Methods: The study of biochemical parameters of blood serum was held in patients with temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome. Biochemical studies were conducted in 61 patients with TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome at the age of 20 to 40 years (1st, main group) and in 10 healthy people of similar age who do not show any complaints characteristics of the studied pathology (2nd, control). Results and Discussion: There is a significant increase in the level of sodium and total protein, which has not been statistically confirmed. For vitamin D (total 40.98IU/ml) and alkaline phosphatase activity, there was a significant decrease in vitamin D in temporom and ibular disorder patients when compared to the controls (P=0.001). Also, there was a significant negative correlation between serum vitamin D activity with total alkaline phosphatase activity in temporomandibular disorder patients (P=0.001). In addition, there was a significant increase in serum total alkaline phosphatase as bone marker in temporomandibular disorder patients which provides a more reliable and complete profile of inflammatory contributors to temporomandibular disorder. A tendency to decreasing in the content of calcium, total protein, and glucose in the blood serum were found. Thus, this indicates the activation of stress systems and the enhancement of protein catabolism. A significant increase in the content of ATP, histamine, adrenaline, and cortisol confirms the important role of psycho-emotional disorders in the pathogenesis of temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome.

Full Text:

PDF Review History


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p13

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p13

DOI (Review History): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p13


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

Contact: contact@eujournal.org

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'eujournal.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.




Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.