SCATTERING PROPERTIES OF SPIN-POLARIZED ATOMIC TRITIUM

A. F. Al-Maaitah

Abstract


In this paper, the Lippmann-Schwinger (LS) formalism is applied to spin-polarized atomic tritium (T↓). The total and viscosity cross sections of T↓- T↓ collisions are calculated, using two triplet-state potentials: a Morse- and a Silvera- type potentials. Also, the scattering length and the binding energy of T↓ atoms are calculated. Our results are found to be in good agreement with previous calculations. Our results for the Morse potential are smaller in magnitude than those for the Silvera potential, because the Morse-potential well is shallower than that of the Silvera potential. In the low-energy limit, the cross sections are dominated by S-wave scattering. In this limit, the S-wave scattering length a0< 0 for both potentials. This means that the interaction between the T↓ atoms is attractive. The Ramsauer-Townsend (RT) effect and phase transitions in the cross sections are found at low temperatures. The effect of the D-wave scattering appears as a resonance-like behavior in the total cross section. This peak corresponds to a quasi-bound state.

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857-7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857-7431 (Online)

 

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