LEGAL CULTURE AND LEGAL CONSCIOUSNESS IN TERMS OF SET AND ATTITUDE
AbstractEffective functioning of the legal system is a precondition for the state’s and society’s sustainable democratic development and requires a highly developed legal culture. Legal consciousness which is a constituent of legal culture comprises a system of expectations and attitudes. Set psychology presents different terms and interpretations of the phenomenon of set (Attitude, Predispozition, Set, Dispozitional Set, Value Orientation, etc.) which is caused by the existence of numerous forms of set as well as inappropriate accentuation of its specific individual manifestations at the expense of others. This creates an obstacle for the formation of the relevant understanding of set as the individual’s integrate psycho-physical state of readiness for action. Variety of terms denoting set makes it difficult to consolidate the data of the theoretical and experimental research applying different concepts of expectation and set and, therefore, prevents us from increasing the descriptive and explanatory potential of set approach. The given article aims to differentiate the concept of set on the basis of extended version of Uznadze model and describe the continues process of set formation and change from Set to Atitude which will prove the organic relationship between different types of set. We assume that despite the existing versatility, all manifestations of set have the same roots, and therefore, represent stages in the formation and development of the same initial mental entity, as a whole, rather than different and opposing mental phenomena. Accumulation of the content of the above concepts in a common context enables us to develop a unified methodological approach, and, therefore, increases the possibility of applying set theory to psycho-legal studies, namely to the exploration of the factors determining the effectiveness of the regulatory function of the legal system.
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How to Cite
Nadareishvili, V., & Chkheidze, T. (2016). LEGAL CULTURE AND LEGAL CONSCIOUSNESS IN TERMS OF SET AND ATTITUDE. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(10). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2015.v11n10p%p