Resultats A Court Terme De La Trabeculoplastie Selective Au Laser Chez Les Patients Togolais

Dzidzinyo Kossi, Djagnikpo Akouete, Ayena Koffi Didier, Vonor Kokou, Maneh, Nidain, Amedome Kokou Messan, Santos Mawuli, Balo Komi

Abstract


Aim: To check the short-term tonometric results of SLT in the treatment of primary glaucoma at the open angle and in charge of ocular hypertonias in Togolese people. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in an ophthalmology center. The first 130 eyes of 72 patients benefited from the SLT laser procedure. The tonometric controls work object focus on follow-up at 1, 3, and 6 months post laser treatment. Results: 130 eyes of 72 patients were collected. The average age of the patients was 49.74 years (± 17.45) and the ages vary between 10 and 85 years. The average IOP of the laser before the laser (J0) was (24.99 ± 8.41) mm Hg. The mean IOP at the post-laser control at 1 month was (18.79 ± 3.73) mm Hg. The average IOP for the post-laser control at 3 months was (18.44 ± 3.81) mm Hg. The mean IOP at the post-laser control at 6 months was (18.13 ± 3.63) mm Hg. The percentage reduction in intraocular pressure compared to IOP was pretreated from 20.2% to 1 month; 22.1% at 3 months; and 23.3% at 6 months. In 1 month, 49.2% of the eyes we treated showed a reduction in IOP of less than 20% compared to IOP pretreatment. After 3 months and 6 months, it was 55.4% higher. Also, 52.3% have a PIO reduction percentage which is greater than or equal to 20% compared to pre-treatment IOP. Discussion: Selective laser trabeculoplasty, most especially, is interesting in ocular hypertonies. Treatment of over 180 ° allows one patient out of two to have a pressure reduction that is greater than or equal to 20%. Conclusion: The SLT presents a significant advantage for our glaucomatous patients.

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857-7881 (Print)
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