Dynamique De L’occupation Du Sol Dans Les Zones Humides De La Commune D’allada Au Sud-Benin (Sites Ramsar 1017 Et 1018)

  • L. Estelle Brun Laboratoire de Biogéographie et d’Expertise Environnementale (LABEE) / FLASH/UAC/Bénin
  • Djego J. Gaudence Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA) / FSA/UAC/Bénin
  • Moussa Gibigaye Laboratoire de Biogéographie et d’Expertise Environnementale (LABEE) / FLASH/UAC/Bénin
  • Brice Tente Laboratoire de Biogéographie et d’Expertise Environnementale (LABEE) / FLASH/UAC/Bénin Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée (LEA) / FSA/UAC/Bénin

Abstract

The wetlands are the integral element of the natural resource of Benin Republic. However, anthropic pressure on those “fragil” environments, contribute to the reducing of their surface and accordingly, to a loss their biodiversity. The target objective is to make cartography of land units from 1990 to 2014 in order to identify the various pressures upon the wet ecosystems. A 2014 Landsat 8 OLI-TIRS image and a 1990 map of Benin land cover were used to establish the cartography. We used the Maximum likelihood algorithm to execute the supervised classification of the landsat image in ERDAS. The mapping of the land’s units in the wetlands was then carried out in ArcGIS. The results revealed that the tree savana have completely disappeared. It represents 11.47 % of the landscape in 1990 against 0 % in 2014. The mosaics of fields and fallows under palm plantations have reduced to -30.42 % in 2014. They represent 66.63 % of the landscape. The land units which progressed are the mosaic of fields and fallow (12.06 %), the swamps (10.47 %), the plantations (5.26 %) and the agglomerations (2.71 %). This shows strong human pressure exerted on the natural vegetation of the wetlands in the Allada district. These results will provide the local authorities with a tool for decision support, for an efficient use and a sustainable management of these natural wet ecosystems.

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Published
2018-04-30
How to Cite
Brun, L. E., Gaudence, D. J., Gibigaye, M., & Tente, B. (2018). Dynamique De L’occupation Du Sol Dans Les Zones Humides De La Commune D’allada Au Sud-Benin (Sites Ramsar 1017 Et 1018). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(12), 59. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n12p59