Burn-Out Chez Le Personnel Soignant Des Unités De Soins Intensifs De L’hôpital Universitaire De Parakou Au Bénin

Tchaou Blaise Adelin, Djidonou Anselme, Tchegnonsi N’venonfon Charles Frédéric, Gbogblenou Gloria Todègnon Armistice, Gandaho Prosper


The aim of the study was to identify Burn-out factors among caregivers in intensive care units in University Hospital of Parakou. We used a descriptive, analytical and correlational study with prospective data collection carried out over four months (March 1 to June 30, 2015) and 123 caregivers concerned consenting to the study. The Maslach Burn-out Inventory (MBI) was used for the assessment of burnout of the respondents. Among the 143 agents identified, 123of them (86%) consented to the survey. The average age of caregivers was 34.4 ± 9.3 years with a male predominance (56.9%). Seventy-six caregivers lived with a partner (61.8%) and 90.8% of them were monogamous. Seventy-one caregivers (57.7%) were not satisfied with their socio-economic situations and 88.7% of them associate secondary activities. Eighty eight caregivers (71.5%) were identified in their industry stressful conditions. The frequency of Burn-out was 68.3%. The occurrence of burn out was associated with sex (p = 0.001), type of family (p = 0.001), vocational qualification (p = 0.001) in the industry (p = 0 001), socio-economic conditions (p = 0.01), disease appeared in the exercise of the profession (p = 0.02), organizational factors (p = 0.001) and stressful conditions (p = 0.04). In conclusion we observe that the function nurse in the intensive care unit of the University Hospital of Parakou has a physical and mental hardship among caregivers inducing a high score of Burn-out, implementing an adapted prevention program is therefore necessary to lowering it.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n24p408

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n24p408

European Scientific Journal (ESJ)


ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)


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