Evaluation of Household Knowledge on Water Supply, Hygiene and Sanitation Practices in So-Ava District (South Benin)

  • Oswald F. Dan Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Control, National Institute of Water, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin Laboratory of Analysis and Research, Religions, Space and Development, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • D. Mathieu Maurice Ahouansou Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Control, National Institute of Water, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • Luc O. Sintondji Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Control, National Institute of Water, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • Elliott R. Dossou-Yovo Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Control, National Institute of Water, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin Africa Rice Center, Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire
  • Dodji Amouzouvi Laboratory of Analysis and Research, Religions, Space and Development, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Abstract

The adoption of good practices in access to water, hygiene and sanitation is very important for the well-being and socio-economic development of any community. The objective of the study was to evaluate the knowledge and practices that households adopt regarding water supply, hygiene and sanitation. For this, a survey was conducted among 386 households in the seven districts of the commune of Sô-Ava. The data collected was analyzed using the XLSTAT 17 software and the Excel Spreadsheet. The results obtained show that in the commune of Sô-Ava, drilling is the most used water source and that nearly 66.33% of households do not cover their containers during the transport of water with a rate that varies from 2.85 to 25.39% from one borough to another. Sô-Ava is the district that has the highest number of latrines is that with a rate of 3.11%. In addition, most households dispose of their garbage and wastewater either in the wild or in the water body in the absence of a waste collection system. The low level of hygiene and sanitation observed could affect the quality of drinking water and hence the health of the population.

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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Dan, O. F., Ahouansou, D. M. M., Sintondji, L. O., Dossou-Yovo, E. R., & Amouzouvi, D. (2018). Evaluation of Household Knowledge on Water Supply, Hygiene and Sanitation Practices in So-Ava District (South Benin). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(26), 173. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n26p173