Factors Influencing Male Involvement in Antenatal Care in the Kassena Nankana Municipal in the Upper East Region, Ghana

Maxwell Tii Kumbeni, Florence Assibi Ziba, John Ndebugri Alem, Sylvia Apana Nborah

Abstract


Background: Globally, male involvement in antenatal care remains a challenge to the effective utilization of maternal health services. Male involvement is considered to be a useful tool that is capable of improving the health outcome of mothers and their children. However, matters relating to antenatal care have often been considered on a gender basis. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the factors that influence male partner involvement in antenatal care services. Methods: A community-based crosssectional study was conducted among 420 men whose partners were pregnant or had delivered within twelve months preceding the study using multiple sampling procedures. Pearson Chi-Square and Fisher’s exact test were conducted to establish an association between dependent and independent variables after which multiple logistic regression was conducted. P-values of < 0.05 at 95% confidence interval were considered significant. Data were analyzed using STATA version 13.1. Results: The level of male involvement in antenatal care was high (67.2%). About 71.9% accompanied their partners to antenatal clinics at one point during the pregnancy period. Out of this, 45.7% of themdid so four or more times, 35.7% went two to three times, while 18.6% went only once. Factors such as staff attitude, time spent at the clinics, age, educational level, monthly income level, living with a partner during pregnancy, distance to the clinic, and community acceptability were all statistically significant to male involvement. Conclusion: The level of male involvement was high and considered above average. There is the need to develop interventions that will diffuse the existing socio-cultural perceptions and improve staff attitudes to achieve higher male involvement in antenatal care.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n21p1

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n21p1


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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