Factors Influencing Male Involvement in Antenatal Care in the Kassena Nankana Municipal in the Upper East Region, Ghana

  • Maxwell Tii Kumbeni Nabdam District Health Directorate, Ghana Health Service, Nangodi, Ghana
  • Florence Assibi Ziba Department of Nursing, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
  • John Ndebugri Alem War Memorial Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Navrongo, Ghana
  • Sylvia Apana Nborah Nabdam District Health Directorate, Ghana Health Service, Nangodi, Ghana

Abstract

Background: Globally, male involvement in antenatal care remains a challenge to the effective utilization of maternal health services. Male involvement is considered to be a useful tool that is capable of improving the health outcome of mothers and their children. However, matters relating to antenatal care have often been considered on a gender basis. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the factors that influence male partner involvement in antenatal care services. Methods: A community-based crosssectional study was conducted among 420 men whose partners were pregnant or had delivered within twelve months preceding the study using multiple sampling procedures. Pearson Chi-Square and Fisher’s exact test were conducted to establish an association between dependent and independent variables after which multiple logistic regression was conducted. P-values of < 0.05 at 95% confidence interval were considered significant. Data were analyzed using STATA version 13.1. Results: The level of male involvement in antenatal care was high (67.2%). About 71.9% accompanied their partners to antenatal clinics at one point during the pregnancy period. Out of this, 45.7% of themdid so four or more times, 35.7% went two to three times, while 18.6% went only once. Factors such as staff attitude, time spent at the clinics, age, educational level, monthly income level, living with a partner during pregnancy, distance to the clinic, and community acceptability were all statistically significant to male involvement. Conclusion: The level of male involvement was high and considered above average. There is the need to develop interventions that will diffuse the existing socio-cultural perceptions and improve staff attitudes to achieve higher male involvement in antenatal care.

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Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Kumbeni, M. T., Ziba, F. A., Alem, J. N., & Nborah, S. A. (2019). Factors Influencing Male Involvement in Antenatal Care in the Kassena Nankana Municipal in the Upper East Region, Ghana. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 15(21), 1. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n21p1