Eating Patterns and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: A Cross-Sectional Study in Albania

  • Kristela Jaupaj Research Center of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Albania
  • Brunilda Subashi Research Center of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Albania
  • Inva Zotaj University of Vlore ‘‘ Ismail Qemali’’, Vlore, Albania
  • Jerina Jaho Research Center of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Albania
  • Fatjona Kamberi Research Center of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Albania
Keywords: Albania, Mediterranean Diet, Adherence, Healthy Diets, Eating Patterns

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the level of adherence to the Mediterraneandiet pattern overall and to specific dietary components, among Albanianadults. Design and Setting: This is a cross-sectional study carried out duringJune - July 2019 in Vlora and Fieri cities, Albania. The study populationconsisted of 209 adults, randomly selected. Participation rate was 73%.Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed via an online questionnairebased on the previously validated and translated 14 item questionnairePREDIMED (Prevención com Dieta Mediterránea). Results: Most of theparticipants enrolled in the study were women (63%) and between 18-35 yearsof age (76.1%) . The majority of the participants had moderate adherence toMediterranean diet (57.4%) and only 14.4% of them had high adherence.Higher adherence was reported for the use of olive oil as the primary culinaryfat (72.7%), whereas lowest adherence was achieved for wine consumption(12.4%). Mean Mediterranean diet score did not differ significatly betweenwomen and men. Conclusions: There is a worldwide trend to adopt unhealthyeating behaviour and the results of this study indicate that eating patterns andlifestyle habits in the population have to be improved. We recommend thatthere is a strong need for effective strategies to promote healthy behaviour andto implement Mediterranean diet by more individuals.

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Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
Jaupaj, K., Subashi, B., Zotaj, I., Jaho, J., & Kamberi, F. (2020). Eating Patterns and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: A Cross-Sectional Study in Albania. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 16(21), 11. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2020.v16n21p11
Section
ESJ Natural/Life/Medical Sciences