A JOURNEY INTO THE INDIGENOUS CONFLICT MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS AMONG THE ABAKURIA COMMUNITY, KENYA: “THE BEAUTY AND THE BEAST”

  • David Mwangi Kungu Development Studies Department, School of Human Resource Development, Moi University
  • Risper Omari Department of Development studies, School of Human Resource Development, University of Eldoret
  • Stanley Kipsang Development Studies Department, School of Human Resource Development, Moi University

Abstract

Conflict in many parts of the world has become part of people’s life resulting massive deaths and trail of destruction to property leading to manmade disasters. In Kenya, conflict is experienced as warring groups engage in armed and non-armed conflicts. In most instances, the conflict is so intense that property are destroyed, people killed while others are displaced. However, of the conflict experienced in Kenya, a peculiar case is that of the Abakuria ethnic group, as inter-clan conflicts have become perpetual. The mechanisms used in managing the conflict have been wanting or inadequate as the conflicts keep recurring. It is on this backdrop that this study aimed at evaluating the Abakuria indigenous mechanisms used in managing intra-ethnic conflict. The study employed descriptive survey, ethnography and explanatory research designs. The target population for the study was 52,338 comprising of members of the indigenous conflict management systems, members of provincial administration, local and international Non-governmental Organizations, Community Based Organizations, Faith Based Organizations, community policing members, members of the peace committees, civic leaders, District security team, warriors and community members/victims to the conflict. From the target population, a sample 638 was drawn using purposive sampling, stratified sampling, transect walk and snow balling techniques. The data were collected using questionnaires, in-depth interviews and focus group discussion. Quantitative data generated from the study were analysed descriptively while qualitative data were analysed following the five steps of thematic data analysis; transcription, open coding, axial coding, selecting codes and formation of themes. The study found out that there were five key institutions of managing conflict between the Abakuria clans, which were Inchama, Avaragoli, Iritongo, Sungusungu and Ihama. These institutions played a role both in managing conflict thus the beauty and instigating conflict thus the beast in the institutions. The study recommends that the institutions should be strengthened by the government in order to be more effective.

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Published
2015-06-29
How to Cite
Kungu, D. M., Omari, R., & Kipsang, S. (2015). A JOURNEY INTO THE INDIGENOUS CONFLICT MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS AMONG THE ABAKURIA COMMUNITY, KENYA: “THE BEAUTY AND THE BEAST”. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(16). Retrieved from http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/5864