ETIOLOGIES DES PLEURESIES DU SUJET AGE AU TOGO

Adambounou Amento Stéphane, Adjoh Komi Séraphin, Hamadou Bava B, Fiogbé Attanon Arnauld, Aziagbé Koffi Atsu, Efalou Pouwemdéou Jacques, Gbadamassi Gafarou, Boukari Mohamadou, Kombate Damombe, Akpo Komi, Darré Tchin, Amegbor Koffi, Tidjani Osséni

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study was to review the current aetiologic profile of pleurisies in the elderly people. Materials and method: We carried out a retrospective study based on the data of 126 patients, old of at least 55 years, hospitalised from January 2007 to December 2011 for pleurisy in the pneumology department of Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital of Lome. Results: Pleurisies represent 23,11 % of elderly people’s hospitalisation motives. The Sex-ratio was 1 and the average age of the patients 65 ± 09 years old. The clinical aspect was dominated by thoracic pain (88,88 %) and cough (69,84 %). The chest X-ray revealed pleural effusion at the left side in 48,41 %, at right side in 46,83% and of medium abundance in 57,93 %. The liquid was citrine in 53,97 %, haematic in 30,95% and purulent in 15,08% . Pleurisies were of cancerous origin in 32,54 %, tubercular in 17,46 % and bacterial not tubercular in 14,58%. No aetiology had been found in 33,33 %. The mortality was 27,78 % and due to cancers and idiopathic pleurisies in 86 % during three months’ follow up. Conclusion: Cancers are the first aetiology of pleurisies followed by tuberculosis in elderly people. The acquisition of the new means of pleural exploration is important to reduce the proportion of idiopathic pleurisies.

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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