Cartographie De La Salinite A La Surface Du Sol Dans Une Zone Du Prerif. Cas De La Region De L’ouergha

  • Mohamed Sadiki Laboratoire de Géosciences Appliquées, Département de Géologie, Université Ibn Tofail Kenitra
  • Amal Markhi Laboratoire GEOHYD, Département de Géologie, Université Kadi Ayyad Marrakech
  • Hicham Elbelrhiti Département des Sciences Fondamentales et Appliquées (DSFA), Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Madinat Alirfan, Rabat, Morocco
  • Souad Mrabet Laboratoire de Géosciences Appliquées, Département de Géologie, Université Ibn Tofail Kenitra

Abstract

The soil and groundwater salinization phenomenon in semi-arid to arid climate is considered as a real threat to safety and food quality. There are several factors that present soil salinity, some factors are purely climatic (temperature, rainfall levels, lack of drainage, composition of the rock) or human-induced (using salt water to irrigation). The aim of the work is to take stock of the surface condition at a specified scale of soil salinity by taking satellite images Landsat TM 2009 and ASTER 2003 with 15 m and 30 m of resolution respectively. This study allows us to detect the potential of remote sensing data to see a set of thematic maps that distinguish, evaluate and locate their extended saline soils on the surface of the study area. The methods of satellite image processing are for understanding of soil salinization process, assess their extensive and locate areas vulnerable to soil and water salinization. Evaluation of the results of applying this method on Landsat TM gave an accuracy of 87%. This study also allows us to highlight spectral indices that again demonstrate the natural origin, related to the lithology of groundwater salinity in the study area. These various indices largely exploit the difference spectral response of vegetation and soils in the red band (R) and near infrared band (PIR) which is related to the density of green vegetation the NDSI and NDVI which allows a very good distinction between areas of salinity and vegetation area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2016-01-30
How to Cite
Sadiki, M., Markhi, A., Elbelrhiti, H., & Mrabet, S. (2016). Cartographie De La Salinite A La Surface Du Sol Dans Une Zone Du Prerif. Cas De La Region De L’ouergha. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(3), 197. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n3p197