Moisture Sorption Isotherms And Thermodynamic Properties Of Urtica Dioica Leaves

Abdelkader Lamharrar, Ali Idlimam, Mohammed Kouhila, Lamya Lahnine, Hind Mouhanni

Abstract


Urtica dioica is a Moroccon endemic plant of used for its virtues in traditional medicine. Thus, it is necessary to study the effect of preservation processes on the storage conditions of the plant. The static gravimetric method was used to determine sorption isotherms of Urtica dioica leaves at three temperatures (40, 50 and 60 °C) and in the range of water activity ( w a ) ranging from 0.0572 to 0.898. Six mathematical models were used to fit the experimental data. The Enderby and Peleg models were found to be the most suitable for describing the sorption curves. The optimal water activity for conservation of Urtica dioica leaves was determined. Isosteric heats of desorption and adsorption were calculated by applying the Clausius- Clapeyron equation to the sorption isotherms at different temperatures; it decreased with increasing moisture content. A linear relation exists between the enthalpy and entropy of the sorption reaction.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n24p376

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n24p376


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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