Effet De La Pollution Minière Sur La Phytochimie D’Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels

  • Hakim Alilou Laboratoire d’Agroalimentaire et Santé, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Hassan 1er, Route de Casablanca, Settat, Maroc
  • Bouchaib Bencharki Laboratoire d’Agroalimentaire et Santé, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Hassan 1er, Route de Casablanca, Settat, Maroc
  • Lalla Mina Idrissi Hassani Laboratoire de Biotechnologies Végétales, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences Université Ibn Zohr, BP 28/S-Dakhla, Agadir, Maroc
  • Rachida Rouhi Laboratoire de Biotechnologies Végétales, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences Université Ibn Zohr, BP 28/S-Dakhla, Agadir, Maroc
  • Noureddine Barka Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux, des Milieux et de la Modélisation (LS3M), Faculté Polydisciplinaire de Khouribga, Khouribga, Morocco

Abstract

In this study, we propose new information about the argan tree in order to know the response of this tree to the difficult environmental conditions (pollution by the quarries). Since this tree is very interesting, not only by these ecological characteristics, but also by its economic potential and the value of its products. Thus, argan trees increase the secretion of phenolic compounds and saponins in order to adapt to the new conditions. Indeed, a screening of the phenolic compounds of the argan tree leaves of three stations, different in their dust attack levels due to quarries in the Abaynou region, was made. The results show that the Guelmim station, which is most affected by dust, has a significant difference in aglycones, total flavonoids and saponins compared to the Admine station which is further north and relatively far from any agglomeration and with the Agadir station considered intermediary.

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Published
2016-11-30
How to Cite
Alilou, H., Bencharki, B., Hassani, L. M. I., Rouhi, R., & Barka, N. (2016). Effet De La Pollution Minière Sur La Phytochimie D’Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(33), 442. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n33p442