Résultats De La Trabéculectomie Dans Le Glaucome Infantile Au Chu Campus De Lomé (Togo)

  • Nidain Maneh Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Kokou Vonor Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Bénédicte Marèbe Diatewa Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Nonon Saa Kassoula Batomaguela Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chr Sokodé-Togo
  • Kokou Messan Amedomé Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Yawa Edebah Nagbe Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Ayena Koffi Didier Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Meba Banla Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo
  • Komi Patrice Balo Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Service d’ophtalmologie Chu Lomé -Togo

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the results of the trabeculectomy without antimitotic in children aged 5 to 15 years and identify the factors of success of this technique. Method: we have conducted a retrospective study based on records of children of 5 to 15 years, operated from January 2011 to December 2013 for glaucoma excepted congenital glaucoma. The trabeculectomy was performed without antimitotic and the follow up was done during 6 months. Nineteen children (35 eyes) were included over 23 children (43 eyes) operated. Surgical success was defined for intra ocular (IOP) ≤ 20mmhg (target pressure) pressure associated with a pressure reduction over 30% with or without topical medication and major postoperative complications. Results: On the 19 included Sham children (35 eyes) the mean age was 9.05 years [5;15], 11 were of boys and 8 girls and the sex ratio was 0.73. The mean cup/disc of the papillary excavation was 0.54 [0.2; 0.8]. The mean preoperative IOP was 20.08 mm Hg [11;30]. Postoperative complications was seen in 17% (6 eyes) with 11.4% (4 eyes) of hypothalamy. The mean post operative IOP at 6 months was 12.86 mm Hg [10; 23]. The success rate was 62.86% (22 eyes). IOP control was the only factor influencing the success of surgery (p = 0. 0055). Conclusion: The trabeculectomy without antimitotic allowed a substantial reduction in IOP. The control of IOP determine the success of the surgery at 6 months. The spreading of the technique with the use of an antimitotic will optimize our results.

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Published
2017-04-30
How to Cite
Maneh, N., Vonor, K., Diatewa, B. M., Batomaguela, N. S. K., Amedomé, K. M., Nagbe, Y. E., Didier, A. K., Banla, M., & Balo, K. P. (2017). Résultats De La Trabéculectomie Dans Le Glaucome Infantile Au Chu Campus De Lomé (Togo). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(12), 119. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n12p119