Wavelet analysis on upwelling index along the Moroccan Atlantic coast

  • Bessa Ismail Laboratory of engineering and Materials, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences Ben M’Sik, P.B 7955, Sidi Othmane, Casablanca, Morocco
  • Makaoui Ahmed Oceanography Department, National Institute of Fishery Research (INRH), Casablanca, Morocco.
  • Hilmi Karim Laboratory of engineering and Materials, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences Ben M’Sik, P.B 7955, Sidi Othmane, Casablanca, Morocco
  • Afifi Mohamed Laboratory of engineering and Materials, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences Ben M’Sik, P.B 7955, Sidi Othmane, Casablanca, Morocco

Abstract

Wavelet analysis is a relatively new technique, an enormous interest in the application of wavelets has been observed in the recent years. In this paper, we use the wavelet analysis on the upwelling index based on sea surface temperature data from 1993 to 2014 along the Moroccan Atlantic coast, mainly at Cape Cantin, Cape Ghir, Cape Juby, Dakhla and Cape Blanc. We noticed that from Jan 1993 to Oct-1998 and from Sep-2007 to Nov 20014, the upwelling in the five research latitudes increases with fluctuations. The period of Upwelling varies sensitively with the change of time scale. The value of upwelling index in the five latitudes appears similar and present an obvious period of one year in all latitudes studied. This study can be considered an important tool for time series analysis, which can help the studies concerning the upwelling variability.

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Published
2017-04-30
How to Cite
Ismail, B., Ahmed, M., Karim, H., & Mohamed, A. (2017). Wavelet analysis on upwelling index along the Moroccan Atlantic coast. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(12), 276. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n12p276