Analyse Des Déterminants Du Choléra Dans La Ville De Djougou Au Bénin

Legba Christian Senoumantin, Yabi Ibouraïma, Azonhe Thierry, Osseni Abdel-Aziz

Abstract


The propagation and the persistence of the infectious diseases are the facts which is recurring and disturb the development process in the African countries. This’s the case of the cholera which, despite efforts of eradication, persists and compromises the socio-economic activities of the communities west-African. The town of Djougou in Benin is not out of this acute and dangerous intestinal affection for the survival of the populations. This study aims to identify and prioritize the risk factors basic of the cholera in order to suggest solutions to its eradication. The methodological approach used for this purpose is based on a casecontrol analytical approach. Several variables were used and the chi-square test assessed the degree of association between each disease and the occurrence of the disease. The got results reveal a significant link between the source of supply out of drink water and the cholera (p = 0.047), the water treatment before its consumption and the cholera (p = 0.03). In the same way, one notes a highly significant association between the contact with a choleraic patient and which has occurred of the cholera (p= 0.0001) and between the none observance of hand-washing to running water with soap and the cholera (p = 0.0001).

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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