Les Intoxications Accidentelles Par Les Pesticides Au Maroc Entre 2008-2014: Evolution Et Facteurs De Risque

  • Detsouli Aicha Institut agronomique et vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat, Maroc Faculté des Sciences et Techniques de Tanger Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc
  • Latifa Amiar Faculté des Sciences et Techniques de Tanger
  • Nabih Zineb Laboratoire de génétique et Biométrie, Faculté des sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Maroc
  • Kharbouch Donia Laboratoire de génétique et Biométrie, Faculté des sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Maroc
  • Abidli Zakaria Laboratoire de génétique et Biométrie, Faculté des sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Maroc
  • Windy Maria Centre Anti Poison et de Pharmacovigilance du Maroc
  • Rhalem Naima Centre Anti Poison et de Pharmacovigilance du Maroc
  • Soulaymani Abdelmajid de génétique et Biométrie, Faculté des sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Maroc
  • Mokhtari Abdelrhani de génétique et Biométrie, Faculté des sciences, Université Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Maroc
  • Soulaymani- Bencheikh Rachida Centre Anti Poison et de Pharmacovigilance du Maroc Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of accidental poisoning by pesticides. A retrospective study of poisoning cases, declared between January 2008 to December 2014 at the Moroccan Anti poisoning and Pharmacovigilance Center (MAPPC), was conducted. During the study period, 4 110 acute accidental poisoning by pesticides cases were collected. The average age was of patients 19, 24±0,25 years. The sex-ratio (female/male) was 0.95. Poisoning mainly concerned adults between the ages of 20 and 74 (about 43%). The pesticide poisoning occurs more often in urban zones with 54.1%. These were mainly poisonings that occurred at home in 70.5% of cases. Patients were mostly symptomatic (about 65%), these poisonings occurred mainly during the spring mostly in the spring (32%) and summer (29%). Insecticides were the most commonly incriminated in 64, 13% of cases, followed by rats, pesticides, and herbicides with respectively 29%, 3.42% and 0.85%. The declarations came from all regions of Morocco, the highest incidence was recorded in the Tadla-Azilal region (4.04 per 100 000 inhabitants). The Fes Boulemane region showed a significant lethality of 6.43%. Among the 3,077 patients for whom the evolution was known, 98.1% had progressed favorably. 47 cases of death were recorded with a lethality of 1.2%.

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Published
2017-08-31
How to Cite
Aicha, D., Amiar, L., Zineb, N., Donia, K., Zakaria, A., Maria, W., Naima, R., Abdelmajid, S., Abdelrhani, M., & Rachida, S.- B. (2017). Les Intoxications Accidentelles Par Les Pesticides Au Maroc Entre 2008-2014: Evolution Et Facteurs De Risque. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(24), 133. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n24p133