Epidemiology of Fractures in a Tropical Country

  • Pascal Chigblo Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Éric Lawson Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Iréti Fiacre Tidjani Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Adébola Padonou Department of surgery, Departemental Teaching Hospital of Porto-Novo, Benin
  • Christian Térance Nezien Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Oswald Goukodadja Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Soumaïla Madougou Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin
  • Aristote Hans-Moevi Akue Department of Orthopedic-Traumatology, National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou, Benin

Abstract

Introduction: The increasing number of vehicles and the proliferation of two-wheeled vehicles accentuate the frequency of fractures in our country. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of fractures in Cotonou. Materials and Methods: This prospective two-year study focused on all patients admitted to the emergency department of the National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou for a fracture injury. Results: 1794 fractures were collected in 1432 patients. Fractures accounted for 24.9% of surgical emergencies. The average age was 33.7 years (29 days - 90 years). The dominance was male with a sex ratio of 3.62. Etiological circumstances were dominated by road traffic accidents (75.8%), The etiological circumstances were dominated by road accidents (75.8%), motorcyclists being the most affected (48.5%). The admission average was 27.33 hours (15 minutes - 29 days). Fractures preferentially sat on the lower limbs (64.4%). In descending order of frequency, were distinguished the fractures of leg (32.2%), of the femur (19.8%) and of the forearm (14.8%). Conclusion: fractures are common. The etiologies are dominated by traffic accident. The lesions predominate in the lower limb. The establishment of good road safety policy (improving track conditions, extension of the highway code ...) would reduce their frequency.

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Published
2017-08-31
How to Cite
Chigblo, P., Lawson, Éric, Tidjani, I. F., Padonou, A., Nezien, C. T., Goukodadja, O., Madougou, S., & Akue, A. H.-M. (2017). Epidemiology of Fractures in a Tropical Country. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(24), 416. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n24p416