Parasitosis Intestinal En Una Población De 5 A 14 Años Que Acuden A Unidades Educativas Escuelas Colegios Públicos De La Ciudad De Riobamba

  • Sandra Noemí Escobar Arrieta Grupo de Investigación Leishmaniosis y otras Parasitosis en el Ecuador “LEISHPAREC-ESPOCH”, Magister en Bioquímica Clínica, Magister en Salud Pública, Docente de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo
  • Verónica Mercedes Cando Brito Magister en Farmacia Clínica y Hospitalaria Docente de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo Farmacia
  • Carlos Eduardo Espinoza Chavez Magister en Bioquímica Clínica, Docente de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo
  • Luis Elias Guevara Iñiguez Magister de Ciencias en Biotecnología, Docente de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo

Abstract

The purpose of the current research was to determine the prevalence and risk factors linked to intestinal parasites in a population aged from 5 to 14 years who attend to public schools and high schools from Riobamba city, Riobamba-Chambo district. The prospection was carried out between October and November 2015. The population studied was identified and classified according to their age, gender, and educational institution they belong to. In addition, the relation of risk factors linked to the identified parasites was estimated. For this, it was necessary to apply a coprology examination to 2020 boys, girls and teenagers. The fecal samples collected were analyzed using the fresco technique with lugol and saline solution at 0.85%. The total intestine parasite prevalence found was 35.1%. The highest parasite prevalence was detected in groups aged 5 (12.84%), in groups aged 8 (11.71%) and in groups aged 11 (11.56%), while Combatientes de Tapi Educational Unit registered a 34% in both genders. Any significant parasite difference was found among p<0.05 ages. Nine parasite types were identified with Entamoeba coli prevalence (26%) Entamoeba histolytic (9.3%), Iodamoeba bütschlii (0.8%), Giardia lambia (4.3%), Chilomastix mesnilii (0.9%), Hymenolepis nana (1.4%), Ascaris lumbricoides (0.3%) Trichuris trichiura (0.5%), Endolimax nana (1.6%), from which protozoan were the predominant, some poly parasite samples were also found, it was determined that the sample studied reflects a high prevalence of intestinal parasites.

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Published
2017-10-31
How to Cite
Arrieta, S. N. E., Brito, V. M. C., Chavez, C. E. E., & Iñiguez, L. E. G. (2017). Parasitosis Intestinal En Una Población De 5 A 14 Años Que Acuden A Unidades Educativas Escuelas Colegios Públicos De La Ciudad De Riobamba. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(30), 11. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n30p11