Enquête Ethnobotanique Sur La Prise En Charge Traditionnelle De L’infertilité Féminine Dans La Région Sanitaire Des Savanes Au Togo

  • Assouma Akim Françoise Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d’Odontostomatologie, Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) Dakar, Sénégal nt
  • Koudouvo Koffi Laboratoire de Physiologie et Pharmacologie, Faculté des Sciences (FDS), Université de Lomé (UL), Lomé-Togo / Africa Centre of Excellence in Phytomedicine Research and Development, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Jos, Nigeria / World Bank
  • Diatta William Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d’Odontostomatologie, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal
  • Bassene Emmanuel Faculté de Médecine, de Pharmacie et d’Odontostomatologie, UCAD, Dakar, Sénégal
  • Tougoma Atèhèzi Laboratoire de Physiologie et Pharmacologie, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo
  • Novidzro Mawuéna Kosi Laboratoire des Essences Végétales et des Arômes Naturelles, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo
  • Guelly Atsu Kudzo Laboratoire de Botanique et Ecologie Végétale Appliquée, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo
  • Dougnon Jacques Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey Calavi, République du Bénin
  • Agbonon Amégnona Laboratoire de Physiologie et Pharmacologie, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo
  • Tozo Koffi Sodokè Laboratoire de Botanique et Ecologie Végétale Appliquée, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo
  • Gbeassor Messanvi Centre de Recherche et de Formation sur les Plantes Médicinales, FDS, UL, Lomé-Togo

Abstract

Introduction: The management of female infertility by the conventional medicine is very expensive and its coast is unavailable for the very poor populations. In Africa, an important recourses of medicinal plants are available for health care. Objective: The present study was led to recorder traditional remedies use to treat female infertility in the Sanitary Savannas Region of Togo. Methodology: For data collection, semi interview was used. Data were processed and analysed using ethnobotanical quantitative index. The Selection by Progressive Elimination (SPE) was essentially used for the choice of species. Results: With 51 practitioners interviewed, 79 recipes constituted by 87 species belonging to 48 botanical families were collected. Combretaceae (12,64 %) and Rubiaceae (5,7 %) were the most frequent families. Trees (36,78 %) and shrubs (27,58%) were the main ports. Roots (29,17 %) and leaves (27,5 %) were the most used parts. Recipes were prepared frequently by decoction (51,88 %) and powder (38,12%), and were principally taken orally (47,28 %) and by body bath (43,48 %). Sexually transmitted infections (STI) (143 citations) and Painful menstruations (PM) (108 citations) were the most frequent pathologies. The highest Informants consensus factors were 0,61 and 0,56 respectively for STI and PM. The most important Fidelity degrees was 25,49 % for STI related to Capsicum frutescens and Piper guineense. Related to Aframomum melegueta, Piper guineense and Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides the Fidelity degree was 19,61% for PM and STI. Blighia sapida, Ganoderma colossus, Kigelia africana and Mangifera indica were selected. Conclusion: Plants with highest fidelity degree and those selected by SPE will be subjected to laboratory tests.

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Published
2018-01-31
How to Cite
Françoise, A. A., Koffi, K., William, D., Emmanuel, B., Atèhèzi, T., Kosi, N. M., Kudzo, G. A., Jacques, D., Amégnona, A., Sodokè, T. K., & Messanvi, G. (2018). Enquête Ethnobotanique Sur La Prise En Charge Traditionnelle De L’infertilité Féminine Dans La Région Sanitaire Des Savanes Au Togo. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(3), 358. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n3p358