Relacion Entre La Densidad Óptima Agronomica Y El Número De Granos Por Planta En Maíz (Zea Maysl.)

  • Cecilia Cerliani Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina
  • Gabriel P. Esposito Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina
  • Federico D. Morla Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina
  • Guillermo R. Balboa Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina
  • Rafael A. Naville Departamento de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina

Abstract

The density of sowing (D) is one of the main management practices that influences the yield (Y) of corn. There exists a density value in which the yield is maximum (OPD), depending on the environment, the genotype and its interaction. The objectives of this project were: i-To determine the OPD for two corn genotypes in different productive environments; ii- Analyze the relationship between the number of kernel fixed per plant (KNP) and its plant growing rate (PGR) to different environments and genotypes iii- Determine the KNP that is related to the OPD for two corn genotypes. Three experiments were carried out in different locations (L) of Córdoba (Argentina) during 2013/14, comparing 2 genotypes (G) in 2 management zones (MZ). The statistical design was random blocks, with a factorial arrangement of subdivided plots, with L, MZ and G being the primary, secondary and tertiary factors, respectively. In addition, 5 D were planted to obtain the relationships that estimate OPD, PGR, KNP and Y. The results indicate that OPD was affected by L; the relationship between PGR and KNP was not modified by the environment, but by G. The PGR coincident with the OPD was modified by the G interaction: L. The OPD the PGR was between 2.74 to 4.81 g d -1 , which were associated with the NGP that varied only between 509 and 603 grains p-1 .

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Published
2018-03-31
How to Cite
Cerliani, C., Esposito, G. P., Morla, F. D., Balboa, G. R., & Naville, R. A. (2018). Relacion Entre La Densidad Óptima Agronomica Y El Número De Granos Por Planta En Maíz (Zea Maysl.). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(9), 29. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n9p29