Association Between Sense of Coherence and Metabolic Control in People with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

  • Mónica Susana Guevara C. Escuela de Gastronomía, Facultad de Salud Pública, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo ESPOCH, Ecuador
  • Marcelo Nicolalde Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Salud Pública, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo ESPOCH, Ecuador
  • Amparo Amoroso Hospital IESS Riobamba, Ecuador
  • Patricia Chico Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Salud Pública, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo ESPOCH, Ecuador
  • Nicole Mora Escuela de Biotecnología ambiental, Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo ESPOCH, Ecuador
  • Susana Heredia Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Salud Pública, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo ESPOCH, Ecuador
  • Francisco Robalino Hospital General Docente MSP. Riobamba, Ecuador
  • Gabriela Gonzalez Hospital IESS Riobamba, Ecuador

Abstract

The chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus are related to the level of metabolic control and often inadequate control is achieved, so there is the possibility of exploring other therapeutic options. The sense of coherence makes it possible to face several stressors and maintain health. This research aimed to explore whether people with diabetes mellitus 2 and high values in the sense of coherence scale have better metabolic control. Cross-sectional study in patients with diabetes 2. The value of the coherence sense scale and HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin was determined. A multivariate analysis was carried out by conglomerates and the average HbA1c ratio was established for these groups. 163 subjects participated with an average of 59.64 years. Three clusters were identified and classified as High, Medium and Low sense of Coherence. When establishing the relationship with HbA1c it was found that the High Group had an average HbA1c of 6.22%, the middle group 7.24% and the low group 7.49% of HbA1c, p <. 05. It was identified that a high Sense of Coherence is significantly associated to a better metabolic control given by HB A1c.

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Published
2018-05-31
How to Cite
Guevara C., M. S., Nicolalde, M., Amoroso, A., Chico, P., Mora, N., Heredia, S., Robalino, F., & Gonzalez, G. (2018). Association Between Sense of Coherence and Metabolic Control in People with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(15), 90. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n15p90