Pratiques Paysannes De Production Durable Des Graines De Voandzou [Vigna Subterranea (L.) Verdc.] Pour La Sécurité Alimentaire Dans Le Cameroun Septentrional

  • Madou Chantal Université de Ngaoundéré, Faculté des Sciences, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Ngaoundéré Cameroun. Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (IRAD), Station Polyvalente de Recherche de Garoua, Garoua Cameroun
  • Watching Djakissam Université de Ngaoundéré, Faculté des Sciences, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Ngaoundéré Cameroun
  • Vatsou Jeremie Université de Ngaoundéré, Faculté des Sciences, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Ngaoundéré Cameroun
  • Ardjoune Fatime Université de Ngaoundéré, Faculté des Sciences, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Ngaoundéré Cameroun
  • Ndjouenkeu Robert Université de Ngaoundéré, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Agro Industrielles, Département de Chimie Appliquée, Ngaoundéré Cameroun
  • Goudoum Augustin Université de Maroua, Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique de Maroua, Département d’Agriculture, Elevage et Produits Dérivés, Maroua, Cameroun
  • Ngassoum Martin Benoit Université de Ngaoundéré, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Agro Industrielles, Département de Chimie Appliquée, Ngaoundéré Cameroun
  • Ngamo Tinkeu Simon Leonard Université de Ngaoundéré, Faculté des Sciences, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Ngaoundéré Cameroun

Abstract

Bambara groundnut is a leguminous plant with high nutritive value of Sub Saharan Africa. In spite of its high potential in alimentation, the Bambara groundnut is less popularized. This crop grows on acid, dry and less fertile soils and may therefore be a resilient crop in the context of climatic variability. The present work aims to identify of all the morphotypes of this culture and the usual tools of conservation of its seeds during the storage process. Investigations carried out during 3 agricultural campaigns showed that women more than 40 years old represents more than 98% of producers of Bambara groundnuts in northern Cameroon. The production concerns 54 morphotypes use as food or as medicinal plants. During storage of grains of this legumes, the major pest is the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae). Under traditional production way, the limitation of the postharvest losses due to this pest is done either by the use of 21 local plants as botanical insecticide or by the use of 25 industrial chemical pesticides.

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Published
2018-06-30
How to Cite
Chantal, M., Djakissam, W., Jeremie, V., Fatime, A., Robert, N., Augustin, G., Benoit, N. M., & Leonard, N. T. S. (2018). Pratiques Paysannes De Production Durable Des Graines De Voandzou [Vigna Subterranea (L.) Verdc.] Pour La Sécurité Alimentaire Dans Le Cameroun Septentrional. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(18), 424. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n18p424