Intervención Educativa de Enfermería en las Capacidades de Autocuidado de personas con Diabetes Tipo 2 de Tenosique, Tabasco

  • Jorge Eduardo Méndez Valdéz Egresado de la Licenciatura en Enfermería, División Académica Multidisciplinaria de los Ríos, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, México
  • Armando Miranda de la Cruz Profesores Investigadores de la División Académica Multidisciplinaria de los Ríos, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, México
  • Elia del Carmen Martínez Ruíz Profesores Investigadores de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Veracruzana, México
  • Esther Alice Jiménez Zuñiga Profesores Investigadores de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Veracruzana, México
  • Janett Marina García Hernández
  • Jairo David Contrera Madrigal Profesores Investigadores de la División Académica Multidisciplinaria de los Ríos, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, México

Abstract

One of these diseases with majorsocial, economic and epidemiological impact is the Diabetes Mellitus (DM), which according to the WHO (2013) is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and disorders of the metabolism of the carbohydrates, the fats and the proteins as consequence of anomalies of the secretion or of the effect of the insulin. This investigation is sustained in the General Theory of the Deficit of Autocare Dorothea Orem's (TGDA). The aim was to determine the effect of an educational intervention of infirmary in the Capacities of Autocare (CAC) and the State of health (BELONGS) to the persons with DM2. The design is quasi-experimental of longitudinal court, with one n=30 participants, I divide in 2 groups [Group Control (GC) and Experimental Group (GE)]. It was in use like I orchestrate the " Scale to estimate Capacities of Autocare ". There was designed an Educational Intervention of Infirmary (IEE) by 12 meetings. The results showed increase in the CAC with an average of 39.33 (GIVE 2.60) in the pretest and 82.20 (GIVE 2.90) in the pos test, the CAC present negative significant relation with European Scientific Journal August 2018 edition Vol.14, No.24 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 380 the IMC [rs =-.330 (p <0.01)], capillary blood sugar [rs =-.542 (p <0.01)], cholesterol [rs =-.367 (p <0.01)], triglycerides [rs =-.587 (p <0.01)] and hemoglobin glucosilada [rs =-.478 (p <0.01)]. On having realized the test T de Student for related samples obtained one t =-61.588 with 14 degrees of freedom for a confidence interval of 95 %, locating an average of -42.86667; what shows that it exists a difference of averages enters the pre and pos tries by means of a positive effect of the IEE in the CAC.

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Published
2018-08-31
How to Cite
Valdéz, J. E. M., Miranda de la Cruz, A., Ruíz, E. del C. M., Zuñiga, E. A. J., Hernández, J. M. G., & Madrigal, J. D. C. (2018). Intervención Educativa de Enfermería en las Capacidades de Autocuidado de personas con Diabetes Tipo 2 de Tenosique, Tabasco. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(24), 379. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n24p379

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