Burn-Out Chez Le Personnel Soignant Des Unités De Soins Intensifs De L’hôpital Universitaire De Parakou Au Bénin

  • Tchaou Blaise Adelin Unité d’Enseignement, de Formation et de Recherche en AnesthésieRéanimation et en Médecine d’Urgence
  • Djidonou Anselme Unité d’Enseignement, de Formation et de Recherche en Psychologie Médicale et en Psychiatrie
  • Tchegnonsi N’venonfon Charles Frédéric Unité d’Enseignement, de Formation et de Recherche en AnesthésieRéanimation et en Médecine d’Urgence
  • Gbogblenou Gloria Todègnon Armistice Unité d’Enseignement, de Formation et de Recherche en AnesthésieRéanimation et en Médecine d’Urgence
  • Gandaho Prosper Unité d’Enseignement, de Formation et de Recherche en Psychologie Médicale et en Psychiatrie

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify Burn-out factors among caregivers in intensive care units in University Hospital of Parakou. We used a descriptive, analytical and correlational study with prospective data collection carried out over four months (March 1 to June 30, 2015) and 123 caregivers concerned consenting to the study. The Maslach Burn-out Inventory (MBI) was used for the assessment of burnout of the respondents. Among the 143 agents identified, 123of them (86%) consented to the survey. The average age of caregivers was 34.4 ± 9.3 years with a male predominance (56.9%). Seventy-six caregivers lived with a partner (61.8%) and 90.8% of them were monogamous. Seventy-one caregivers (57.7%) were not satisfied with their socio-economic situations and 88.7% of them associate secondary activities. Eighty eight caregivers (71.5%) were identified in their industry stressful conditions. The frequency of Burn-out was 68.3%. The occurrence of burn out was associated with sex (p = 0.001), type of family (p = 0.001), vocational qualification (p = 0.001) in the industry (p = 0 001), socio-economic conditions (p = 0.01), disease appeared in the exercise of the profession (p = 0.02), organizational factors (p = 0.001) and stressful conditions (p = 0.04). In conclusion we observe that the function nurse in the intensive care unit of the University Hospital of Parakou has a physical and mental hardship among caregivers inducing a high score of Burn-out, implementing an adapted prevention program is therefore necessary to lowering it.

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Published
2018-08-31
How to Cite
Adelin, T. B., Anselme, D., Frédéric, T. N. C., Armistice, G. G. T., & Prosper, G. (2018). Burn-Out Chez Le Personnel Soignant Des Unités De Soins Intensifs De L’hôpital Universitaire De Parakou Au Bénin. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(24), 408. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n24p408