Evolution de l’occupation des sols dans la partie Nord du Dallol Bosso, départements de Filingué et Balleyara, région de Tillabéri-Niger

  • Issoufou Maigary Département Information et Recherche du Centre Régional AGRHYMET, Niamey, Niger, Département de géologie de la FAST de l’Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niger
  • Boureïma Ousmane Département de géologie de la FAST de l’Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niger
  • Ado Dankarami Département Information et Recherche du Centre Régional AGRHYMET, Niamey, Niger

Abstract

The departments of Filingué and Balleyara, which are our study area, are located in the northern part of Dallol Bosso, Tillabéri region in western Niger. This study area is circumscribed between 13 ° 35 'and 14 ° 40' north latitudes and 2 ° 50 'and 3 ° 30' East longitude. The effects of climate variability and change in the region since the 1970s have had significant impacts on ecosystems. This paper focuses on analyzing the dynamics of land use land cover in that area. The methodology based on the interpretation of the satellite image for 1972, 1987 and 2016 has led to important results. Thus, there is a notable decline in areas covered by natural plant formations (tiger bush and steppe). Indeed, they range from 28.79% in 1972 to 12.15% in 2016 of the total surface area of the study area. However, farmland increased from 164772 ha in 1972 to 200 697 ha in 2016, an increase of 22%. In addition, the bare spaces which were only 666 ha in 1972 moved to 4189 ha, an increase of more than 500%. Finally, the number of semi-permanent pools rose from 219 to 833 from 1972 to 2016, while the number of Koris increased from 280 to 1573 during the same period, an increase of more than 400%. It seems necessary to take urgent measures to safeguard the ecosystems of the region to allow a more balanced development of the area.

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Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Maigary, I., Ousmane, B., & Dankarami, A. (2018). Evolution de l’occupation des sols dans la partie Nord du Dallol Bosso, départements de Filingué et Balleyara, région de Tillabéri-Niger. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(30), 391. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n30p391