Anthropometric Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Adolescents Attending the Secondary Schools 1 and 2 of Gagnoa (Côte d'Ivoire)

  • Yao N’guessan Blaise Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • N’dia Kouadio Frédéric Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Oussou N’guessan Jean-Baptiste Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Yapo Angoué Paul Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the nutritional status of adolescents attending two secondary schools in Gagnoa (Côte d'Ivoire) based on anthropometric parameters. A sample of 184 adolescents was recruited in the secondary schools 1 and 2 of Gagnoa. Measurements of body mass and height were made using a scale and a measuring board equipped with a tape measure respectively. Anthropometric indices (height-for-age Z-score and BMI-forage Z-score) were calculated according to the WHO (2007) growth references for 5-19 years old children. Mean age was 14.9 ± 0.2 years, mean body weight was 48.2 ± 0.7 kg and mean height was 156.1 ± 0.7 cm. The results of this study revealed a deficit of 13% and an underweight of 8.7%. Undernutrition in the population is characterized by 1.6% severe chronic undernutrition, 11.4% moderate chronic undernutrition, 8.7% moderate acute malnutrition and 0.5% severe acute malnutrition. The prevalence of obesity in this population was 0.5%. The assessment of the nutritional status of the adolescents attending the two secondary schools of Gagnoa has revealed deficiency stature and thinness among students.

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Published
2019-05-31
How to Cite
Blaise, Y. N., Frédéric, N. K., Jean-Baptiste, O. N., & Paul, Y. A. (2019). Anthropometric Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Adolescents Attending the Secondary Schools 1 and 2 of Gagnoa (Côte d’Ivoire). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 15(15), 323. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n15p323