Medicinal Plants used in the Treatment of Hepatitis in BoboDioulasso: Studying the Availability and Analyzing the Phytochemical Properties of Combretum micranthum G. Don and Entada africana Guill. et Perr.

  • Dakio Bernice Université Nazi Boni, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Sciences biologiques, Bobo-Dioulasso , Burkina Faso
  • Bangou Mindiédiba Jean Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Chimie Appliquées (LA.BIO. C. A), U.F.R/ S.V.T, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Biochimie Microbiologie, Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
  • Ouoba Paulin Université Nazi Boni, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Sciences biologiques, Bobo-Dioulasso , Burkina Faso. Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR-SVT), Laboratoire de Biologie et Écologie Végétale (LABEV), 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
  • Ouoba Yempabou Hermann Université Nazi Boni, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Sciences biologiques, Bobo-Dioulasso , Burkina Faso. Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR-SVT), Laboratoire de Biologie et Écologie Végétale (LABEV), 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
  • Guenné Samson Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Chimie Appliquées (LA.BIO. C. A), U.F.R/ S.V.T, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Meda Roland N.T. Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Chimie Appliquées (LA.BIO. C. A), U.F.R/ S.V.T, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Biochimie Microbiologie, Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
  • Zangré Abdoul Kader Ecole Nationale des Eaux et Forêts/Dindérésso, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
  • Tiendrebeogo Romaric Université Nazi Boni, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Sciences biologiques, Bobo-Dioulasso , Burkina Faso
  • Anicet Georges Ouédraogo Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques (UFR-ST), Département de Biochimie Microbiologie, Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Laboratoire de Recherche et d'Enseignement en Santé et Biotechnologies Animales (LARESBA), Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Keywords: Hepatitis, Ethnopharmacology, Traditional medicine, Phytochemistry

Abstract

This paper focuses on studying the inventory of the medicinal plants used in hepatitis care in Bobo-Dioulasso and evaluating their availability in local vegetation and their phytochemical properties. To achieve this objective, several approaches were developed which include: (1) an ethnobotanical survey among 111 traditional health practitioners (THP); (2) a dendrometric study to evaluate the abundance and spatial distribution of these species in Dindérésso Classified Forest; and (3) an evaluation of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of the two most quoted species roots using three methods such as anti-DPPH*, anti-FRAP, and antiABTS. The results show that Entada africana and Combretum micranthum were the most quoted species among 40 species used in the treatment of liver disease. The availability study revealed that juvenile and adult individuals of E. africana are frequent in woody savannah, shrubby savannah, and grassy savannah. As for juvenile and adult C. micranthum individuals, they are only frequent in wooded savannah (RI<60%). These populations are therefore declining due to anthropogenic pressure. Phytochemical analysis reveal polyphenols contents of 37.91 and 20.71 mg EAG/100 mg respectively for C. micranthum and E. africana and flavonoids contents of 0.85 ± 0.09 and 0.66 ± 0.05 mg EQ/100 mg respectively for C. micranthum and E. africana. Finally, the results show that there is an anti-oxidant activity for the two species. There were about 198 and 13 μmol EAA/g for the two species i.e., ABTS and DPPH, respectively. The results show that the antioxidant activity could partially justify the traditional use of this plant.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Bernice, D., Jean, B. M., Paulin, O., Hermann, O. Y., Samson, G., N.T., M. R., Kader, Z. A., Romaric, T., & Ouédraogo, A. G. (2020). Medicinal Plants used in the Treatment of Hepatitis in BoboDioulasso: Studying the Availability and Analyzing the Phytochemical Properties of Combretum micranthum G. Don and Entada africana Guill. et Perr. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 16(40), 1. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2020.v16n40p1