Archean Itabirites From Ovan, NE-Gabon: Petrography, Mineralogy And Elemental Mapping

  • Stévy Retonda-Kondja University of Sciences and Technologies of Masuku, URESTE, Geology Department, Franceville, Gabon
  • Simplice Marin Ndong-Ondo University of Sciences and Technologies of Masuku, URESTE, Geology Department, Franceville, Gabon
  • Ambroise Edou-Minko University of Sciences and Technologies of Masuku, URESTE, Geology Department, Franceville, Gabon
  • Tomohiko Sato Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokoyo Institute of Technology, Okayama, Meguro-ku, Japan
  • Benjamin Musavu-Moussavou University of Sciences and Technologies of Masuku, URESTE, Geology Department, Franceville, Gabon
  • Mathieu Moussavou University of Sciences and Technologies of Masuku, URESTE, Geology Department, Franceville, Gabon
Keywords: Archean, Bélinga Group, Itabirite, Ovan, Gabon

Abstract

The Archean greenstone belt called Bélinga Group was highlighted in NE-Gabon around 1960. It consists of many petrographic types such as itabirites (BIFs), ultrabasites, and amphibolites. Recent geophysical studies revealed the presence of BIFs and associated rocks at Ovan, which were linked to the Bélinga Group according to similar magnetic and some petrographic characteristics. Unfortunately, data on itabirites in respect with petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry are rare. This note aims at contributing to petrography, mineralogy and elemental mapping of Ovan itabirites on the one hand, and giving strong proofs that they belong to the Bélinga Group on the other. Field investigations bring samples from six sites around Ovan. Selected itabirites samples have been studied in petrography, mineralogy (XRD) and elemental mapping (SEM). Two (2) itabirites lithofacies are recognized: the well-banded and the massive itabirites. Mineral assemblages show principally quartz, magnetite, hematite and goethite. SEM images show euhedral to sub-euhedral grains of quartz and Fe-oxides of two types: the biggest (Fe1), seen as primary minerals within Fe-rich bands and the smallest (Fe2), as secondary minerals disseminated in the siliceous levels. Elemental mapping clearly reveals alternating Fe- and Si-rich bands with Fe-rich bands predominance. Finally, the itabirites around Ovan are sedimentary rocks essentially formed by chemical precipitation and belonging to the Bélinga Group.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
Retonda-Kondja, S., Ndong-Ondo, S. M., Edou-Minko, A., Sato, T., Musavu-Moussavou, B., & Moussavou, M. (2021). Archean Itabirites From Ovan, NE-Gabon: Petrography, Mineralogy And Elemental Mapping. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 17(25), 380. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2021.v17n25p380
Section
ESJ Natural/Life/Medical Sciences