Post-Harvest Management Practices Of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L.) Verdc) Seeds In Burkina Faso

  • Ouili Amidou Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR/SVT), Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Biotechnologie Microbienne, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Ynoussa Maiga Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR/SVT), Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Biotechnologie Microbienne, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Adjima Ouoba Centre Universitaire de Ziniaré, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Hervé Nankangre Centre Universitaire polytechnique de Tenkodogo, Université Ouaga II, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Cheik Omar Tidiane Compaore Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR/SVT), Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Biotechnologie Microbienne, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Mahamadi Nikiema Université de Fada N’Gourma, Fada N’Gourma, Burkina Faso
  • Mahama Ouedraogo Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Laboratoire de Génétique et de Biotechnologie Végétales, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Aboubakar Sidiki Ouattara Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR/SVT), Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Biotechnologie Microbienne, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Keywords: Bambara groundnut, post-harvest, storage, insects

Abstract

Bambara groundnut plays a major role in the production systems and diets of farmers in Burkina Faso. This crop, due to certain production, storage, or preservation conditions, is subject to damage by insects and fungi. Effective post-harvest management can contribute significantly to reducing losses during storage. This study was carried out in the three agro-ecological areas in Burkina Faso to assess post-harvest management practices of Bambara groundnut among farmers. The data were collected from 180 farmers using surveys. The results showed that the culture of Bambara groundnut was mainly carried out by women (74.4%) on small farms (0.25-0.5ha). The harvested crops were dried at home during a period of 5 to 14 days. About 53% of farmers stored seeds for more than 3 months. Seeds were mainly stored in hermetically sealed cans (45.6%) and in plastic bags (31.1%). Some products such as wood ash and chemicals were used for seed storage. Challenges during seed storage were insects (91.4%) and fungi (42.9%). In the case of seeds attacked by pests (insects, fungi, etc.), farmers (84.4%) adopt a set of measures consisting of sorting, winnowing, drying, and repackaging the seeds. Besides the existence of traditional storage techniques, there is still a need to develop effective storage techniques and continue building farmers’ awareness on improved storage technologies to avoid post-harvest losses.

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References

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Published
2022-04-30
How to Cite
Amidou , O., Maiga, Y., Ouoba, A., Nankangre, H., Tidiane Compaore, C. O., Nikiema, M., Ouedraogo, M., & Sidiki Ouattara, A. (2022). Post-Harvest Management Practices Of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L.) Verdc) Seeds In Burkina Faso. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 18(14), 239. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2022.v18n14p239
Section
ESJ Natural/Life/Medical Sciences