Coverage and Framing of Emerging STI and STEM by Four Major Nigerian Newspapers and Implications for National Development

  • Herbert E. Batta Department of Communication Arts, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
  • Nnamdi T. Ekeanyanwu Department of Communication Arts, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
  • Charles D. Obot Department of Communication Arts, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
  • Iniobong C. Nda Department of Communication Arts, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Keywords: Techno-science, Print Media, Content Analysis, Developing Country


In Nigeria, there is a gross deficit of empirical research on emerging Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) content in the media. This paper focuses on investigating four prominent newspapers in Nigeria to ascertain the extent to which Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) and emerging STI are covered and framed. We posed research questions covering reportage, sourcing, framing, and implications. The methodology involved content/framing analysis of Daily Trust, Leadership, The Guardian, and The Punch newspapers. A census sampling of 728 newspaper issues was conducted covering a period of six months spanning between December 1, 2020, and May 31, 2021. The results indicate a near zero coverage of emerging STI in the four dailies. Other results show that of the eight areas of STEM examined, medical/health sciences (48%), agricultural sciences (24%), and ICTs/engineering (19%) received more coverage. Earth/environmental sciences, physical and chemical sciences, marine, space, and mathematical sciences were accorded near zero coverage. On sourcing of STEM stories in the four dailies, 54% was sourced in-house by the journalists, 33% came from national STI institutions, while 13% was obtained from foreign and internet sources. On framing, 42% STEM stories were framed in terms of health, risk, and safety; 39% in economic and political frame; while academic, environmental, ethical and “other” frames scored between 7% and below. The conclusion of the study is that newspaper coverage of emerging STI was near zero reflecting and projecting the dismal status of emerging STI in Nigeria while the coverage and framing of STEM depicted the media agenda of concentration on medical, agricultural, and ICT endeavours to the neglect of others. Deeper coverage and broader framing of emerging STI are germane to national development.


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How to Cite
Batta, H. E., Ekeanyanwu, N. T., Obot, C. D., & Nda, I. C. (2022). Coverage and Framing of Emerging STI and STEM by Four Major Nigerian Newspapers and Implications for National Development. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 18(32), 116.
ESJ Humanities