Impact of Gender-Based Violence on Community Development: Case Study of Rumonge Commune (Burundi)
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global problem that affects
women and girls of all races, colors, and creeds. It occurs across all socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds, and in many societies, including Burundi
despite different international, regional, and national instruments ratified to
protect women against GBV and its effects. This study conducted with 96
individuals selected using Alain Bouchard’s technic highlights the impact of
gender-based violence (GBV) on community development and provides some
suggestions for action in remedy to gender-based violence persistence for
community development. It specifically shows the reasons behind the
persistence of gender-based violence in Rumonge Commune and its
implications on the bad living conditions of families. To achieve this, we opted
for qualitative approaches with the use of the interview guide and quantitative
with the use of a questionnaire administered directly to heads of households
distributed in 6 zones of Rumonge Commune. The study found that the reasons
behind the persistence of GBV in Rumonge are fundamentally linked to
Burundian culture and tradition that structure how people have to behave and live in society. In view of the impact of GBV, identified as a constraint to
individual and societal development, this article highlights a set of activities
to be done to reduce GBV. These include community dialogues around laws
regarding families and development; education and awareness of the impacts
and ways to prevent it for community development. Perpetrators must also be
properly prosecuted and victims provided with all the needed resources for
treatment and judicial processes.
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