First Physico-Chemical and Traditional Characterisation of Lake Tseny, Northwest Madagascar

  • Felicien Herbert Randrianandrianina Doctoral School on Biodiversity and Tropical Environments, University of Toliara, Madagascar
  • Daudet Andriafidison Institutes of Higher Education in Morondava-Menabe, University of Toliara, Madagascar
  • Hanta Julie Razafimanahaka Madagasikara Voakajy Association, Madagascar
  • Jean Robertin Rasoloariniaina Institutes of Higher Education in Antsirabe-Vakinankaratra, University of Antananarivo, Madagascar
  • Felicitee Rejo-Fienena Doctoral School on Biodiversity and Tropical Environments, University of Toliara, Madagascar
Keywords: Lake Tseny, Madagascar, Biophysical structure, Traditional practice, Physico-chemical parameters, Water quality


This study was designed to assess the biophysical structure, traditional practices and water quality of Lake Tseny in northwest Madagascar. The lake was divided into five zones: the central zone and the littoral zones (east, north, west and south). Transects and direct observation were used to estimate submerged tree and vegetation cover. Information on local traditions was collected through interviews with key people and visits to sacred sites. Water quality was assessed during the rainy and dry seasons, 2017–2018. Samples were taken twice a day, in the early morning and evening, at randomly selected points at intervals of 400m. The aquatic vegetation covered over 75% of the lakeshore. Most of the submerged tree trunks were recorded along the western area. Five sacred sites associated with eight forms of traditional taboos to reduce the potential source of water pollution were recorded in and around the lake. The lake is bowl shaped. The water was warm (T° 25.3 - 35.6 °C), slightly alkaline (pH 7.1 - 8.5), well oxygenated (DO 4.63 - 9.6 mg/l ) and less mineralised (EC 71.70 - 122.40 µS/cm). We found a seasonal difference in water quality between the rainy and dry seasons. Results showed spatial variation in water quality between zones. A comparison of the mean values with water quality standards showed that Lake Tseny has good water conditions for domestic purposes and suitable habitats for aquatic fauna throughout the year. These preliminary results provide reference data on the lake's characteristics. Due to the increasing human activities in the area, regular monitoring of water quality and physical characteristics should be carried out.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

PlumX Statistics


1. Agarwal, G., & Kannan, G. (1996). Degradation of river to diffused activities and appropriate approach for management - A case study of river Mandakini. J. IAEM., 23, 113–121.
2. Andriafidison, D., Jenkins, R., Loiselle, P., McCaskie, T., Rakotoarivelo, A., Rahalambomanana, J., Ravelomanana, T., Raminosoa, R., & Saunders, A. (2011). Preliminary fish survey of Lac Tseny in north- western Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation & Development, 6(2), 2–7.
3. Angermeier, P., & Karr, R. (1984). Relationships between woody debris and fish habitat in a small warmwater stream. American Fisheris Society, 113, 716–726.
4. Bhanja, K., & Ajoy, K. (2000). Studies on the water quality index of river Sanamachhakandana at Keonjhar Garh, Orissa, India. Poll Res, 19, 377–385.
5. Boyd, C. (1998). Water Quality for Pond Aquaculture. Research and Development, ICAAE. Auburn University, USA, 43.
6. Boyd, C., & Tucker, C. (1998). Pond aquaculture and water quality management. Kluwer Academic Pub, London, 44–48.
7. CCME. (2011). Manuel des protocoles d’echantillonnage pour l’analyse de la qualité de l’eau au canada. Le Conseil Canadien Des Ministres de l’Environnement, 211.
8. Chapman, D., Meybeck, M., Friedrich, D., & Thomas, R. (1996). Rivers. Water quality assessments : a guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environment monitoring. Chapman Edition, 2nd Ed. E & FN Spon, London, 59–126.
9. Charrada, B. (1992). Le Lac de Tunis après les aménagements. Paramètres physico-chemical de l’eau et relation avec la croissance des macroalgues. Marine Life, 1(1), 29–44.
10. Cinner, J. E. (2007). The role of taboos in conserving coastal resources in Madagascar. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin, 22, 15–23.
11. De Rham, P., & Nourissat, J. (2003). Les Cichlidés Endémiques de Madagascar. Publication Association France Cichlid, Solliès-Pont, France.
12. Delmas, D. (1980). Minéralisation de la matière organique et échanges ioniques à l’interface eau-sédiment de l’étang de Berre, Méditerranée. Oceanologica Acta, 3(3), 347–356.
13. EPA. (2013). Aquatic life ambient water quality criteria for ammonia freshwater. US Environmental Protection Agency.
14. Jayakumar, P., Jothivel, N., Thimmappa, A., & Paul, V. (2009). Physico-chemical characterization of a lentic water body from Tamil Nadu with special reference to its pollution status. The Ecoscan, 3(1–2), 59–64.
15. Joshi, D., Kumar, A., & Agrawal, N. (2009). Studies on Physicochemical parameters to assess the water quality of river Ganga for drinking purpose in Haridwar district. RASAYAN J. Chem., 2(1), 195–203.
16. Kateb, A., Rüggeberg, A., Stalder, C., Neururer, C., & Spezzaferri, S. (2018). High-resolution monitoring of water temperature and oxygen concentration in Lake Murten (Switzerland). Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 5, 501–510.
17. Kumar, N., & Sinha, D. (2010). Drinking water quality management through correlation studies among various physico ­ chemical parameters : A case study. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1(2), 253–259.
18. Lingard, M., Raharison, N., Rabakonandrianina, E., Rakotoarisoa, J., & Elmqvist, T. (2003). The Role of Local Taboos in Conservation and Management of Species : The Radiated Tortoise in Southern Madagascar. Conservation and Society, 2(1), 223–246.
19. Loiselle, P., & De Rham, P. (2003). Paretroplus, Damba. In: The Natural History of Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead (Eds.), The University of Chicago Press. 877–878.
20. Lowe-McConnel, R. (1987). Ecological studies in fish communities. Cambridge University Press.
21. Madagascar Code Eau. (1999). Loi N◦98–029. Journal Official de La République de Madagascar, 2557–2275.
22. Mbalassa, M., Bagalwa, J., Nshombo, M., & Kateyo, M. (2014). Assessment of physicochemical parameters in relation with fish ecology in Ishasha River and Lake Edward, Albertine Rift Valley, East Africa. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3(6), 230–244.
23. Munir, T., Hussain, M., & Naseem, S. (2016). Water Pollution-A Menace of Freshwater Biodiversity : A Review Water Pollution-A Menace of Freshwater Biodiversity : A Review. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, 4(4), 578–580.
24. Murdoch, T., Cheo, M., & O’Laughlin, K. (2001). Stream keeper’s Field Guide: Watershed Inventory and Stream Monitoring Methods. Adopt-A-Stream Foundation, Everett, WA. 297.
25. Mushini, R., Dhilleswara, R., & Bethapudi, S. (2012). Assessment of quality of drinking water at Srikurmam in Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 1(2), 13–20.
26. Pârvulescu, L., Pacioglu, O., & Hamchevici, C. (2011). The assessment of the habitat and water quality requirements of the stone crayfish (Austropotamobius torrentium) and noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) species in the rivers from the Anina Mountains (SW Romania). Knowl. Managt. Aquatic Ecosyst, 403(03), 1–12.
27. Pedersen, O., Colmer, T., & Sand-Jensen, K. (2013). Underwater photosynthesis of submerged plants - Recent advances and methods. Frontiers in Plant Science, 4, 1–19.
28. Rabearivony, J., Fanameha, E., Mampiandra, J., & Thorstrom, R. (2008). Taboos and social contracts: Tools for ecosystem management – lessons from the Manambolomaty Lakes RAMSAR site, western Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation & Development, 3(1), 7–16.
29. Rabemanana, V., Violette, S., Marsily, G. de, Robain, H., Deffontaines, B., Andrieux, P., Bensimon, M., & Parriaux, A. (2005). Origin of the high variability of water mineral content in the bedrock aquifers of Southern Madagascar. Journal of Hydrology, 310, 143–156.
30. Rasoloariniaina, J. (2010). Evaluation de stock et structure du peuplement ichtyologique des lacs Kinkony, Maliolio et Tsiambara dans la région de Boeny-Madagascar (Issue March). Memoire de DEA. Option : Biologie, Ecologie et Conservation Animales, Faculté des Sciences, Université d’Antananarivo.
31. Rasoloariniaina, J., Ganzhorn, J., Riemann, J., & Raminosoa, N. (2016). Water quality and biotic interaction of two cavefish species : Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit, 1933 and Typhleotris mararybe Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2012, in the Mahafaly Plateau groundwater system , Madagascar. Subterranean Biology, 18, 1–16.
32. Rasolofomanana, L. (2009). Characterization of Ranomafana Lake water quality - Antisrabe Madagascar. Master’s Thesis. Study program/specialization: Offshore engineering/Environmental control, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger.
33. Rasolofonirina, M., Ramaroson, V., & Ravelomanantsoa, S. (2018). Assessment of Nitrate Occurrence in the Shallow Groundwater of Merimandroso Area, Analamanga Region, Madagascar Using Multivariate Analysis. American Journal of Water Resources, 6(1), 39–47.
34. Taylor, J., & Middleton, A. (2004). Compariosn of litter decomposition in a natural versus coal-Slurry pond reclaimed as a wetland. Land Degrad. Develop., 15, 439–446.
35. Tfeil, H., Mahfoudh, M., Mhamed, B., Aliyen, A., Yarba, L., & Hmeyada, A. (2018). Caractérisation Physico-Chimique Des Eaux De Surface Et Étude De La Diversité Ichtyologique De Quelques Zones Humides Continentales En Mauritanie Baba Aînina Moulay Mhamed. European Scientific Journal, 14(6), 83–101.
36. Usharani, K., Umarani, K., Ayyasamy, K., Lakshmanaperumalsamy, P., & Andshanthi, K. (2010). Physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of Noyyal River and ground water quality of Perur, India. J Appl Sci Environ Manag, 14, 29–35.
37. WaterAid. (2004). Politique de la qualité de l’eau. Wateraid Madagascar, 3.
38. WHO. (1984). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. Health Criteria and other Supporting Information. 1, Geneva, Switz.
39. WHO. (2011). Guidelines for drinking-water quality. 4th Ed, World Health Organization.
40. Zinsou, L., Attingli, H., Gnohossou, P., Adandedja, D., & Laleye, P. (2016). Caractéristiques physico-chimiques et pollution de l’eau du delta de l’Oueme au Benin. J. Appl. Biosci., 97, 9163–9173.
How to Cite
Randrianandrianina, F. H., Andriafidison, D., Razafimanahaka, H. J., Rasoloariniaina, J. R., & Rejo-Fienena, F. (2023). First Physico-Chemical and Traditional Characterisation of Lake Tseny, Northwest Madagascar. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 19(27), 1.
ESJ Natural/Life/Medical Sciences

Most read articles by the same author(s)