The Significance of Innovation Orientation in Firm Performance: Technological Capabilities as A Moderating Role

  • Alfateh Fegada Department of Marketing, Faculty of business and economics, University of Pannonia, Veszprem, 8200, Hungary
  • Zoltán Veres Department of Marketing, Faculty of business and economics, University of Pannonia, Veszprem, 8200, Hungary
Keywords: Entrepreneurial marketing, SMEs, Sustainability, AI, Customer satisfaction


Entrepreneurial marketing is considered to be suitable for small businesses. However, innovation orientation as an Entrepreneurial marketing dimension is a critical instrument that small and medium-sized businesses can use to obtain a competitive advantage. Thus, the general objective of this study is to explore and describe the significant relationship between innovation orientation and firm performance in SMEs in Khartoum-Sudan utilizing technological capabilities as a moderating variable. The resource-based view provides the theoretical foundation for this study regarding the effect of innovation orientation on firm performance through technological capabilities. In this manner, our study is quantitative. Reliable with the purpose of this study. Furthermore, our study relied on the “Positivism philosophy”, a deductive approach to theory development. Accordingly, overall, 255 responses were received in responding to our online questionnaire. To analyze the data firstly Principal Component Analysis, Correlation, and Rotation matrix were utilized to test the appropriateness of the study pre-model and check the validity of the questionnaire measurements. secondly, we used Path analysis to examine the significant relationships between study variables. Consequently, the findings confirm both significant and insignificant relationships between innovation orientation and firm performance. Our analysis revealed significant relationships between innovation orientation, technological capabilities, and firm performance indicators such as profitability, sustainability, and customer satisfaction. Moreover, we found that technological capabilities play a crucial moderating role in enhancing the effects of innovation orientation strategy on firm performance. Anyhow, these results confirmed the partial support of the study’s hypotheses.


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How to Cite
Fegada, A., & Veres, Z. (2024). The Significance of Innovation Orientation in Firm Performance: Technological Capabilities as A Moderating Role. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 20(10), 16.
ESJ Social Sciences