DIVERSITE MORPHOLOGIQUE DES VARIETES LOCALES DE MAÏS (ZEA MAYS L.) COLLECTEES AU CENTRE ET CENTRE-OUEST DE LA COTE D’IVOIRE

Hugues Annicet N’DA, Louise Akanvou, Charles Konan Kouakou, Arsène Irié Bi Zoro

Abstract


Morphological characterization is a first approach to the study ofgenetic diversity. Nine hundred twenty maize accessions collected in thecenter and center-west of Côte d'Ivoire, were evaluated morphologically in ablock randomized design. Thirteen morphological descriptors were used inthis study. The descriptive analysis revealed a significant diversity amongaccessions, marked by a significant gap between the minimum andmaximum values. The principal components analysis summarized theinformation contained in the thirteen variables into 3 components that render78.28% of the total variance. The hierarchical clustering allowed us todistinguish two main groups based on early and plant height. Each group wassubdivided into 4 subgroups. Descriptive discriminant analysis showed thateight variables (days to 50% pollen shedding, days to 50% silking, plantheight, ear height, leaf number, number of kernels per row, length of ears),contribute most to discriminate the different subgroups. Different subgroupscan serve parents in the creation of improved varieties.

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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