SUITABILITY OF SOME WHEAT CULTIVARS FROM THE REGION TO THE AGRO CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF KOSOVO FOR PRODUCTION OF BREAD

  • Ibrahim Hoxha Agriculture University of Tirana, Faculty of Food Biotechnology, Tirana, Albania
  • Gafur Xhabiri State University of Tetovo, Faculty of Food Technology and Nutrition, Gostivar, Macedonia
  • Alush Musa University of Prishtina, Faculty of Geosciences and Technology, Mitrovica, Kosovo
  • Abdyl Sinani Professor at the Agriculture University of Tirana, Faculty of Food Biotechnology, Tirana, Albania

Abstract

The study object of this paper is the research conducted on the suitability of some wheat cultivars originating from region for production of bread in the agro climatic conditions of Kosovo. In the study one included seven wheat cultivars Evropa, Pobeda, and Renesanca (Serbia), Lenta and Luna (Slovenia), Isengrain (France) and Andolu (Italy). All these cultivars are registered in the national list of the wheat varieties in Kosovo. The experiment was conducted in the village of Gramove in the Municipality of Viti, which is situated 60 km south of Prishtina, and the terrain elevation is 550 m. During the experiment one surveyed these varieties starting from sowing till milling and bread production. During the survey one tested the yield per kg/ha, weight of 1000 grains expressed in grams, hectoliter weight (kg/hl), protein content, moisture, wet gluten and sediment, as well as rheological attributes measures with farinograph and extensograph. Based on the results that were obtained, one can observe a better suitability with the agro climatic conditions prevailing in Republic of Kosovo for the purpose of production of bread in the cultivars of Renesanca and Luna, given that they have a higher content of moist gluten, 29% respectively 31.4%, in addition to having favorable farinograph and extensograph characteristics for production of bread.

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Published
2012-09-28
How to Cite
Hoxha, I., Xhabiri, G., Musa, A., & Sinani, A. (2012). SUITABILITY OF SOME WHEAT CULTIVARS FROM THE REGION TO THE AGRO CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF KOSOVO FOR PRODUCTION OF BREAD. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 8(21). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2012.v8n21p%p