CONTRIBUTION À L’ÉVALUATION ET À LA CARTOGRAPHIE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ À L’ÉROSION HYDRIQUE DES SOLS DU SOUS BASSIN VERSANT DE L’OUED DE SAIDA (OUEST DE L’ALGÉRIE)

  • Anteur Djamel Département de biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Dr Moulay tahar Saida, Algérie
  • Labani Abderrahmane Département de biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Dr Moulay tahar Saida, Algérie
  • Khalladi Mederbal Université Ibn Khaldoun,Tiaret
  • Gliz Mohamed Département d’Agronomie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Mascara, Algérie

Abstract

The sub-watershed of WadiSaidawich is a part of Macta watershed is characterized by a semiarid climate. Erratic rains, usually in stormy character, combined with anthropozoogenic pressure (deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing) cause a severe erosion. According to the National Agency of water resources, sediment yield (sediment from erosion) is estimated at 29667 t / year, which contribute to the siltation of the dam of Ouizert. This study was conducted using a Geographic Information System (GIS), allowed to characterize different areas of the sub-watershed, producing a synthetic map of the distribution of degrees of susceptibility to erosion. Indeed, Three classes of multifactorial vulnerability to water erosion were distinguished, areas with low vulnerability 40.18%; areas with medium vulnerability 24.93% and 34.88% highly vulnerable areas. Thus, classes with medium and high multifactorialvulnerability represent 60% of the area. This first mapping study is a tool to help decision makers to better manage water resources and soil and taking into account the expectations and needs of the rural population

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Published
2014-09-29
How to Cite
Djamel, A., Abderrahmane, L., Mederbal, K., & Mohamed, G. (2014). CONTRIBUTION À L’ÉVALUATION ET À LA CARTOGRAPHIE DE LA SENSIBILITÉ À L’ÉROSION HYDRIQUE DES SOLS DU SOUS BASSIN VERSANT DE L’OUED DE SAIDA (OUEST DE L’ALGÉRIE). European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 10(27). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2014.v10n27p%p