DÉVELOPPEMENT ET CONSCIENCE SOCIALE EN CÔTE d` IVOIRE: LES ENJEUX DU POUVOIR ALIMENTAIRE

  • Bouabre Gnoka Modeste Enseignant-chercheur à L’Institut des Sciences Anthropologiques du développement (ISAD) UFR des Sciences de l’hommeet de la Société Université de Cocody (Abidjan) République de Côte d’ivoire.

Abstract

Development problems in the Ivory Coast come up against the issue of social consciousness (Marx K. 1957) and cultural correlated with that of the targeted food availability on the problem of power food (JP Bertrand, 1997). In a posture of socio-anthropological development, accessibility food is put in connection with the method of food production in the socio-economic life. Perceived lack of tangible and intangible obstacles in the game of ownership and enjoyment biological, psychological, social and ritual food, food accessibility may have different inclinations and specific. The power food (JP Bertrand, 1997) is one of those inclinations. The power induced food relations of domination, of imperialism and homogenize see conflict in the game of production, distribution, packaging, supply and food consumption. It promises to be a measure of original development. But the power food can also be received as an indicator and vector development relevant? Overall, we hold that subsistence farming, fishing and farming in the Ivory Coast are dominated, sometimes archaic and very poorly mechanized (CNRA, 2003 cited in FAO, 2004). It still uses traditional tools and techniques in the exploitation, cultural, pastoral and fisheries. It relies excessively, with machetes, the daba, to slash and burn agriculture, the human force, rather than mechanical force (machine). Food crops, livestock and fisheries are predominantly traditional, we cite as examples the rice sector (a very small modern rice against a very strong upland rice providing 80% of rice production now) the fisheries sector (a small fishing industry against a large continental scale fishing lagoon and sea providing 65% of national production), the pastoral sector (a very low beef production areas in Guinea and Sudano-Guinean corresponding to the south and center against a very strong production in the Sudan which is the northern part of ensuring 80% of production). The traditional production and does not cover the national need in this area. Côte d'Ivoire, to fill the remainder of its food needs, relies on imports. This maintains the Ivory Coast in a situation of dependency and puts it under the power lines of international food supply and distribution of life. However, the tradition can not be the only factor to blame in the matter. We must also open the analysis to other horizons to include the existence of food policies and issues related to access to land.

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Published
2014-12-02
How to Cite
Modeste, B. G. (2014). DÉVELOPPEMENT ET CONSCIENCE SOCIALE EN CÔTE d` IVOIRE: LES ENJEUX DU POUVOIR ALIMENTAIRE. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2012.v8n1p%p