• Bauer Raposo Benjamin Yvo University of Azores, Portugal
  • Nunes Caldeira Suzana University of Azores, CICS.NOVA, Portugal
  • Martins Maria José D. Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, Portugal
  • Mendes Maria University of Azores, Portugal
  • Pinho Botelho Susana University of Azores, Portugal
  • Silva Osvaldo University of Azores, CICS.NOVA, Portugal


Not a year goes by that we don’t hear of another hazing scandal in a higher education institution. Many researchers took interest in this issue in order to understand its causes and consequences. They provided definitions and lead to prevent it. We found hazing in many social groups around the world, with different names, and under specific forms. This paper aims to better understand hazing and its actors, with a specific focus on hazing in higher education. We presented three definitions to offer several perspectives on hazing, and facilitate its apprehension. Our method was to analyze the relevant scientific literature with the intention of reflecting on its roots and representation among individuals. Results are an exposition of motivations from hazing's actors, recommendations about how to define it and how to prevent derivations. Our main conclusions assume hazing is usually depicted as a deviant behavior, but it would appear to be a norm. Also, its core purpose would be the progression from newcomer to a group member. A lack of structure or meaning could lead to its misuse and facilitate outrageous events. In higher education, hazing seems to be used as a tool to integrate freshmen in their new institutional world. Scandals including violence, sexual and alcohol abuse could be a symptom of something deeper from hazing's environment.


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How to Cite
Yvo, B. R. B., Suzana, N. C., José D., M. M., Maria, M., Susana, P. B., & Osvaldo, S. (2015). ABOUT HAZING IN HIGHER EDUCATION. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(10). Retrieved from https://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/6131