DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF THE TAIWAN CHILDREN’S ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION INDEX

  • Chiung-Fen Yen Department of Ecological Humanities, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • Chia-Ling Chiang Department of Curriculum Design and Human Potentials Development, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan
  • Li-Hua Hou Department of Ecological Humanities, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • Tsung-Wei Yao Department of Ecological Humanities, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • Chiu-Ju Su Department of Ecological Humanities, Providence University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • Joel J. Mintzes Department of Science Education, California State University, Chico USA

Abstract

In this study, we use Smith-Sebasto & Fortner’s (1994) Environmental Action Internal Control Index (EAICI) as a framework to develop, and validate a useful instrument for assessing environmental attitudes and behavior among elementary and middle school children within the Taiwanese context. We dub the new instrument the Taiwan Children’s Environmental Action Index (TCEAI). Our findings suggest that the TCEAI displays substantial internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=.92), moderately positive correlations with self-report measures of environmentally responsible behavior (R = .35 to .46, p < .01), and few threats to validity by age or gender. The results suggest that the TCEAI may be used to elicit important dimensions of environmental attitudes and to predict environmentally responsible behavior for elementary and middle school children in Taiwan. Practical implications are discussed.

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Published
2015-11-12
How to Cite
Yen, C.-F., Chiang, C.-L., Hou, L.-H., Yao, T.-W., Su, C.-J., & Mintzes, J. J. (2015). DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF THE TAIWAN CHILDREN’S ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION INDEX. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(10). Retrieved from https://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/6467