SEVERITY OF ASTHMA IN RELATION TO THE BODY MASS INDEX IN SULAIMANI GOVERNORATE, IRAQ

  • Kosar M. Ali Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Fattah H. Fattah Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Sualimani, Iraq
  • Dana M. Tofiq Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Sulaiman, Iraq
  • Ibrahim Hama Amin Sulaimani General Health Directorate
  • Bayan H. Mohammed Sulaimani General Health Directorate

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Asthma and obesity have a considerable impact on public health and their prevalence has increased in recent years. The association between asthma severity and obesity has been increasingly established. The objective of this present study is to confirm the relationship between asthma severity and body mass index or obesity. Patients and Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at Allergy and Asthma center and Sulaimani Internal Teaching Hospital. One hundred patients (66 female and 34 male), aged between 16 - 79 years old who were previously diagnosed with asthma were included in this study. US dietary guideline was used to categorize body mass index groups. Asthma severity was classified according to the criteria of the global initiative for asthma guidelines in 2008. Statistical package for social science (version 21) was used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean + standard deviation of body mass index and global initiative of asthma for asthma severity classification were 28.8 + 7.3 and 4.1 + 1.1, respectively. The positive correlation coefficient was found between body mass index and asthma severity classification of global Initiative for Asthma (r=0.252). Therefore, this positive correlation was statistically significant (p=0.011) independent on sex and ages. The coefficient of body mass index was 0.035. Thus, this means that for one value increase in body mass index, a 3.5% increase in Asthma severity class would be expected. Conclusion: Obesity was positively correlated with asthma severity. This correlation suggests that obesity may be a potential modifiable risk factor for asthma exacerbation

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Published
2015-12-30
How to Cite
M. Ali, K., Fattah, F. H., Tofiq, D. M., Amin, I. H., & Mohammed, B. H. (2015). SEVERITY OF ASTHMA IN RELATION TO THE BODY MASS INDEX IN SULAIMANI GOVERNORATE, IRAQ. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 11(36). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2015.v11n36p%p