The Effect Of Family And Social Environment On Smoking Behaviour In Adolescence

  • Zoe Roupa University of Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Aristidis Vasilopoulos Hellenic Center of Disease Control and Prevention, Greece
  • Chryssi Hatzoglou Medical Physiology, University of Thessaly, Greece
  • Konstantinos Gourgoulianis Pneumonology, Rector of University of Thessaly, Greece
  • Antonios Kefaliakos Researcher Assistant TEI of West of Greece, Department of Physiology and Clinical Neurophysiology, School of Nursing, University of Athens, Greece
  • Enkeleint - Aggelos Mechili Department of Public Health, School of Nursing, University of Athens, Greece
  • Olga Archangelidi Farr Institute of Health Informatics, University College London, UK
  • Emmanouil Mentzakis Economics, University of Southampton
  • Marianna Diomidous Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, University of Athens, Greece

Abstract

Background: Parental and peer smoking are considered major predictors of smoking in adolescence. We investigate the impact of family and social environment and parental anti-smoking socialization on the intensive and extensive margins of smoking for Greek adolescents. Method and Material: Information on 873 adolescents was collected through a self-reported survey and regression analysis examined associations with five different smoking outcomes (current/lifetime smoking status/intensity and onset). Subgroup analyses and interactions provided further insights. Results: Prevalence of adolescent smoking is high. Family and peer smoking habits and smoking restrictions at home reduce probability and intensity of smoking. Parental smoking increases probability of current smoking by 5% (95% CI: 0.01-0.09) as does having all your friends smoking by 30% (95% CI: 0.16-0.45). Parental anti-smoking advice delays onset of smoking by 0.76 years (95% CI: 0.15-1.39) but does not affect current smoking. Conclusion: Family and social environments play a significant role in preventing or promoting smoking and should be regarded as crucial factors when devising policy to curb adolescent smoking.

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Published
2016-01-29
How to Cite
Roupa, Z., Vasilopoulos, A., Hatzoglou, C., Gourgoulianis, K., Kefaliakos, A., Mechili, E.- A., Archangelidi, O., Mentzakis, E., & Diomidous, M. (2016). The Effect Of Family And Social Environment On Smoking Behaviour In Adolescence. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(2), 62. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n2p62