Diseño De Un Sistema De Gestión Integral Para El Manejo De Residuos Sólidos En El Mercado “La Merced”

  • Brito Hannibal Docente Investigador Grupo de Investigación Ambiente y Desarrollo de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo (GIADE),
  • Robalino Paulina Docente Investigador Grupo Investigación Médica Facultad de Salud Pública ESPOCH (INNOMED),
  • Espinoza Mayra Docente Facultad de Ciencias ESPOCH
  • Yaulema Fausto Docente Facultad de Ciencias ESPOCH
  • Freire Patricia Colaborador Facultad de Ciencias ESPOCH.
  • Moreno Natalia Docente Facultad de Ciencias ESPOCH,
  • Gómez Berlis Docente Investigador Grupo Investigación Médica Facultad de Salud Pública ESPOCH (INNOMED),
  • Inca Marcela Docente Investigador Grupo Investigación Médica Facultad de Salud Pública ESPOCH (INNOMED),

Abstract

An integral management system was designed to handle solid waste from “La Merced” market in the city of Riobamba. For this purpose, a causeeffect relationship was established and an environmental diagnosis (base line) was made to know where the problem arose due to the mishandling of the solid waste. A random sampling was applied, which allowed it to know how many sample should be studied. The information was gathered in a seven day sampling period, March 16 -22 of 2015. The identification, characterization and quantification of the solid waste along with the identification of negative environmental impacts were carried out in order to pose alternative proposals for the integral management of the solid waste generated at this market. The results obtained showed an impact of moderate level (55%) with a mean of 550,38 kg/day. Profitable organic material was identified (85% plastic, 7% paper, 1% cardboard and 2% of other residuals). The calculated per capita production (PCP) was 0,18 kg/inhabitant/day. It is concluded that with the implementation of this research some of the environmental problems caused by the mishandling of the waste will diminish. It is recommended that the “Manual of Integral Management of Solid Waste” be implemented in “la Merced” market, which will contribute to pose solutions that help to improve the quality of life of the population, promoting an ecologically proper management of the waste, from its generation to its final disposal.

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Published
2016-04-27
How to Cite
Hannibal, B., Paulina, R., Mayra, E., Fausto, Y., Patricia, F., Natalia, M., Berlis, G., & Marcela, I. (2016). Diseño De Un Sistema De Gestión Integral Para El Manejo De Residuos Sólidos En El Mercado “La Merced”. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(11), 484. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n11p484