Clinical Evaluation Of The Periodontal Condition During Fixed Orthodontic Treatment

  • Krisztina Martha Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tirgu Mures, Romania
  • Irinel Panainte University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tirgu Mures, Romania
  • Alexandru Ogodescu Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania

Abstract

Throughout orthodontic treatment, oral hygiene is particularly important and must be rigorously controlled throughout therapeutic act. The aim of our clinical study was to examine the periodontal status of patients before, during and after orthodontic appliances are used. 50 patients were selected, plaque index, gingival index, modified papillae bleeding index and clinical probing depth was evaluated on anchorage teeth, separately those with orthodontic bands and tubes. One of the most common findings during this kind of treatment is gingival alteration in the posterior region. Our practical observations showed a different status of these alterations at patients wearing bands on the anchorage teeth versus those with buccal tubes. Using some of the indices which describes the periodontal status at adult and adolescent patients, we found out that adolescents present a higher plaque index, and the accumulation of dental plaque is more severe when bands are used in both categories. Another finding, which is very important in everyday practice is that gingival inflammation and plaque accumulation decrease one month after debonding.

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Published
2016-08-30
How to Cite
Martha, K., Panainte, I., & Ogodescu, A. (2016). Clinical Evaluation Of The Periodontal Condition During Fixed Orthodontic Treatment. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(24), 78. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n24p78