Les Difficultes Inherentes A La Mobilisation Des Connaissances Mathematiques Dans La Physique, Cas De La Mecanique Au College

  • Khadija Raouf Enseignant chercheur et formatrice des futurs enseignants des sciences physiques Observatoire de recherche en didactique et pédagogie universitaire Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Education et de la Formation d’Eljadida, Maroc
  • Imad Belazzaar Enseignants des sciences physiques, cycle de l’enseignement secondaire collégial Ministère de l’Education Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle, Maroc
  • Morad Radi Enseignants des sciences physiques, cycle de l’enseignement secondaire collégial Ministère de l’Education Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle, Maroc
  • Mohamed Moussetad Enseignants chercheurs, Observatoire de recherche en didactique et pédagogie universitaire Faculté des sciences Ben M’Sik. Hassan II University, Casablanca, Maroc
  • Mohammed Talbi Enseignants chercheurs, Observatoire de recherche en didactique et pédagogie universitaire Faculté des sciences Ben M’Sik. Hassan II University, Casablanca, Maroc

Abstract

This study focuses on the difficulties of pupils in final year of college cycle (14-17 years) to mobilize mathematical knowledge in mechanical modeling activities. The objective is to try to understand the dynamics of the transfer of mathematical knowledge in modeling the concept of "speed" and the notion of "force." To do this, we developed two individual written questionnaires to a sample of pupils. One focuses on mathematics and the other mechanics. To better interpret some results, we held individual interviews with a sample of pupils. Analysis and interpretation of the results of the questionnaires and interviews show that the mathematical knowledge mobilization difficulties are due in the first hand to the non mastery of this knowledge in mathematic courses and the second hand to the fact that pupils aren’t conscious of the linkages which exist between mathematic and physic. The students having answered correctly seem adopting memorization strategies than cognitive strategies conducive to the transfer.

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Published
2016-09-30
How to Cite
Raouf, K., Belazzaar, I., Radi, M., Moussetad, M., & Talbi, M. (2016). Les Difficultes Inherentes A La Mobilisation Des Connaissances Mathematiques Dans La Physique, Cas De La Mecanique Au College. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(25), 185. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n25p185