Etat Des Lieux Et Gestion Des Semences Des Principales Céréales Cultivées Au Nord De La Côte d’Ivoire

  • Kouablan Edmond Koffi Centre National de Recherche Agronomique (CNRA), Laboratoire Centrale de Biotechnologie (LCB), Côte d’Ivoire
  • Saraka Didier Martial Yao Université Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC) UFR des Sciences Biologiques, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Nafan Diarrassouba Université Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC) UFR des Sciences Biologiques, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Laopé Ambroise Casimir Siene Université Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC) UFR des Sciences Biologiques, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire

Abstract

The survey aims at assessing current managing status of organizations involves in the conservation of local genetic diversity of rice, maize, sorghum and pearl millet in seedbanks located in northern Côte d’Ivoire. An investigation was conducted with 100 respondents in charge of cereal seedbanks managing from Ferkessedougou and Ouangolodougou areas. The results at regional scale revealed two co-existing informal and formal systems for seedbanks management in these areas. The farmers’ seedbanks system or informal system was the main source of cereal seed supply for farmers and more important than the national or formal seedbank system. Only, farmers’ seedbanks of two crops, rice and maize were found in visited localities. The management of these farmers’ seedbanks was enabled by associations or cooperatives gathering more men (78.27%) than women (21.73%). Ninety percent (90%) of respondents were identified as saving 1 to 3 traditional varieties of cereal in these seedbanks managed by farmers in the studied region. The reveled difficulties in the farmers’ seedbanks management appeared mainly as informally organized seed system that must be a complementary approach to formal system or national seed system for genetic diversity preservation of local cereal varieties and also as a distribution channel of improved cereal varieties.

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Published
2017-01-31
How to Cite
Koffi, K. E., Yao, S. D. M., Diarrassouba, N., & Siene, L. A. C. (2017). Etat Des Lieux Et Gestion Des Semences Des Principales Céréales Cultivées Au Nord De La Côte d’Ivoire. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(3), 112. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n3p112