Diversité Floristique Et Usages Des Ligneux Le Long Des Couloirs De Transhumance Dans La Commune De Savè Au Centre Bénin
AbstractThe vegetation cover of the District of Savè is subject to continuous pressure linked inter alia to the cutting of wood, agriculture and livestock through transhumance. Thus, forage seedlings are regularly used mainly during the dry season by transhumant herds. In this context, the characterization of woody pastures and the study of the uses of its timber by the local populations is a major imperative for their preservation and sustainable management. To this end, socio-economic surveys were carried out among the stakeholders involved in the use of these plant resources. The phytosociological surveys (29 plots of 30 m * 30 m) were carried out using the sigmatite method of Braum blanquet. Different indices have been calculated. The graph of the raw and weighted spectra was carried out. The characterization of the structure of the pasture shows a predominance of the individuals of circumference of between 30 and 50 cm. Mesophanerophytes are the most abundant and dominant forms of life, while chronologically Sudanese and Sudano-Zambeze species are the most represented. The most represented families are the combretaceae the leguminoseae. The Shannon diversity index varies from 3.21 to 3.95 bits and the Piélou equitability from 0.72 to 0.83 from one pasture to another. Three (3) types of pasture were identified along transhumance corridors. Namely: the pasture at Lannea velutina and Bridelia ferruginea; Pasture in Trichilia emetica and Annona senegalensis and grazing in Pteleopsis suberosa and Pericopsis laxiflora. This study shows that the environmental conditions favor the installation of several species along the transhumance corridors. The uses of forage resources, such as pruning for feeding livestock, charcoal making, fuelwood research, particularly in transhumance corridors, are not likely to Conservations
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Moussa, L., Yabi, I., & Imorou, I. T. (2017). Diversité Floristique Et Usages Des Ligneux Le Long Des Couloirs De Transhumance Dans La Commune De Savè Au Centre Bénin. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(2), 400. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n2p400